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Home (Diary of Charles Tiplady)​

 The pdfs after each annual entry​ contain David Hughes’ transcription of the diary, footnotes​ and annotations which could not be included on the website.  
It is particularly​ 
recommended to check the pdf  in relation to financial tables & lists. 

Augt 15th 1839. At the beginning of a New D [page torn] the most appropriate first Entry Seems to be the en[page torn] into a new sphere and condition of Life – In my [page torn] volume full particulars are entered of the of the Life & Death [page torn] my first Wife Mary Heaton after which private [page torn] will be found of my having in 1838, paid my ad[page torn] to Betty Alston of Pepper Hill in which for obvious re[page torn] there mentioned I failed, - No doubt that failure was felt at the time, a severe disappointment but since then I have had great reason to bless God that so bitter a Medicine was administered to me. In October of that year (1838) about or before my final separation from (B.A.) [Betty Alston] Mr John Eccles & his Wife, the respected Supert [Superintendent] of Thunder Alley School left Blackburn and as Mr Hart was unwilling to take the whole charge of conducting the large Sunday School alone, I was asked by Mr Eccles to join him. After some consideration I concluded so to do and left G. [Grimshaw] Park School to attend Thunder Alley at the end of 1838. – It was here that I first formed an acquaintance with Miss Mary Callis, the daughter of the late William Callis of Salford, Grocer & Provisions Merchant, and after a courtship of seven or eight Months I married her on the above Date at the Parish Church, the Revd. Jackson Porter performed the Ceremony and Thomas Hart Esqr gave her away. We spent Honey Moon at South Shore, - and then returned Home to Mount Street, Blackburn!

Monday Nov-25th. This Evening a Meeting of the Teachers & women when the case of Mary Brandwood & Mary Whittaker, two girls [page torn] engaged to sing at St. Michael's Ch: [Church], was considered I decided [page torn] from the opinions of the majority of the Teachers, that they ought not to be allowed to go again - & D. Tomlinson moved & W. Holden seconded that They should not be permitted to go there again to sing S. Ashton moved an Amendment - viz: That these Girls should be allowed to bring their money to School & attend St Michael's Church for 3 Months. This Amendt [Amendment] having been put & lost - The original Motion was submitted to the sense of the Meeting & carried by a Large Majority. -

Thos [Thomas] Oddie in a very disrespectful manner charged C Tiplady with having insulted the Teachers on the day before, by adverting to the business of the last Tears [Teachers] Meeting, and saying that some of the T.s [Teachers] were opposed to the Supts [Superintendents] checking & Reproving the Scholars. Sidney Ashton was the person pitched upon to open this charge. [illegible] Mr Hart told him not to be made the cats-paws for another but [illegible] had a complaint, let them bring it forward themselves - After [illegible] of unpleasant observations - Wm [William] Holden called Mr Harts attention to the fact that there had been no Teaching in the Aftern [Afternoon] of the day before - because the Supt [Superintendent] had taken it into his head to address the Children on the death of Mary Walmsley, which address had occupied that time wh. [which] shd [should] have been spent in Teaching - He objected to these addresses - and so did most of the other Teachers - & for himself he avowed, That the next time Mr C. T. [Charles Tiplady] stood up to speak to them in address he would put on his hat & leave the Schooln [Schoolchildren] J Walsh said he wd [would] not do so but his Scholars would leave him & T. Oddie & others having spoken nearly to the same effect C. Tiplady replied:- He said when he entered the School the day preceding he found it in a complete state of uproar - the Boys to the Nos [Numbers] of 40 or 50 were chasing one another over the forms - & running races - and to his surprise - several Teachers were in the School at the time & did nothing to prevent them. - After some other remarks justifying his conduct he said Thos Oddie had properly said that he was the person meant & alluded to by C.T. in his Address to the Scholars - for no one who had the Language uttered by T. O. [Thomas Oddie] could fail to understand he was one who did not like to hear the Supt [Superintendent] blame the Scholars. - As for his Address he had done no more than he had authority for doing, and in his first Address to the Scholars he had made that fact known that Mr P [Porter] had given him full liberty on divers occasions to exercise his discretion when he thought an Address would be serviceable - Yesterday there had an occasion occurred in the death of the abovementioned Girl & He had read a portion of St Matthew to them & endeavoured to improve the death of the Scholar & he was thankful to observe such strict attention paid thereto by them & hoped it would have a beneficial effect. S Ashton had asked whether it was more likely 40 Teachers would be doing more good than one Supt C. T. said every Teachers exertions were useful in their classes, but it was possible for the S [Superintendent] to deliver an Address which wd be beneficial to all - The T [Teacher] could only be heard by his own class [illegible] by the whole body of the School - He had been accustomed [illegible] the Scholars from where he came - he had reproved Scholars singly - and generally - as occasions required. - Some of the Teachers complained he had insulted them, if he had done so, he had not done it intentionally lest he must say that the Language wh. [which] both T Oddie and Wm. Holden had used to him was very insulting. He did not desire to do anything against the rules of the School - or the feelings of the Teachers - and if he [illegible] not work together cordially - he would withdraw his services. What he had said with regard to some of the T. [Teachers] being against his reproving - he had conscientiously and spoken the truth. - The Teachers hoped he wd [would] not think of leaving.​

The hour being now late Mr. Hart suggested it was time to dissolve - and in this state of feelings the Meeting ended.

[November] 26. Revd J P [Jackson Porter] & Mr Hart called, and we talked the matter over he was surprised and grieved at the conduct of the Teachers. - In the Evg [Evening] I attended the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bu Op Con Assn [Blackburn Operative Conservative Association] - Mr. C Wilkinson delivered one of the most eloquent & sublime Speeches that I ever listened to since I was born. The Dinner, was excellent, the Company numerous, and the demonstration very strong.- Heard this Day of the illness of Thos Grandmother Heaton.

[November] 28. This Day visited Grandmr Heaton found her labouring under strong inflammation - with but little chance of recovery. By her wish I prayed with her. Same Eveng. took Thos to visit her. She was much affected and blessed him and self.-

[November] 29. Again visited her, she much worse. Lingered until Sunday Morning at 1/2 p [past] 8 o'clock, when she expired - aged 58.

Decr 4. Mrs. Heaton was this Afnoon [Afternoon] interred, St John Church Yard - not far from the remains of my beloved Mary.

Decr 14th Up to this Day, I have lived in great peace and love with my second wife - except in three instances, in which she greatly provoked me. On this day having let fall some unjust expression respecting Shilling &c. I felt myself aggrieved and insulted, the consequence was that in the heat of passion to which I am much subject, I struck her and in the Eveng slept apart. After mature reflection she confessed her faults and forgiveness on both sides ensued. The Lord knows that in all sobriety - industry - faithfulness, and integrity it has been - and is my wish to make her happy - I am rather apprehensive that she inwardly frets - in not finding herself likely to have a Child - But this is not my fault - for I have used all lawful means similar to my first wife - and therefore am not to blame - This is God's doing no doubt wisely intended, why then shd She murmur. - Thomas has had an attack of the erysipelas - through cold & much crying - as well as fever.

The generality of the Teachers at Thunder Alley have seen the injustice of their conducts to me - & so expressed themselves. I conceive Sidney Ashton to have been an instrument of good in this case. It is agreed to have a "Tea Party" - I was not present, being at Burnley at the funeral of Richard Sharp on Christmas Day. -


1839 pdf includes the text above and footnotes by David Hughes

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1840. - Mrs. T. is enceinte. So there will be no more quarrelling on that score I hope.

Feb 13th Mrs. C. Vose, visited my wife the first time this night since our Marriage.
Thomas has had the Measles, and I think a touch of the Scarlet fever, from the effects of which he recovers but slowly.

March 19. Married, Mr. Lutener to Miss Duckworth, - Revd. Hy Haworth to Miss Parkinson. –

[March?] 8th Met unexpectedly this Day Miss B Alston at Mr H's [Hart’s?] Wensley Fold - where self and wife were taking Tea. She looked particularly foolish & nonplussed, I was tolerably self-possessed and after a few moments felt no embarrassment - She left early.
Throughout the Spring my wife enjoyed tolerable health and advanced in pregnancy - I am to say that we have had few or no words latel​

Augt 2nd I took the opportunity to address the Scholars on the dreadful wickedness attempted by several Children employed in Messrs. Turner's Mill, in setting the Mill purposely on fire - I may here observe that about 2 months ago - Mr. Livesey's Mill was totally destroyed, and strong suspicions were attached to a Person working therein but no sufficient Evidence could be advanced to criminate him.

[August] 9th I taught the first Class Subject Morning the Sickness of Hezikah the King and his Recovery. - Afnoon [Afternoon] - The Disobedient Prophet - The Boys were very attentive, and I was well pleased with them. At noon I spoke to the Scholars on the Death of three Scholars belonging the Sick Society viz: Ralph Shorrock, Maria Lawe, and Joseph Eastwood.
Married - John Barnes, a Teacher - previously; D Tomlinson. The Rev. John Price this day preached two most excellent Sermons on behalf of the Schools - Morng Matt. [Matthew] - Afnoon Isiah 40 - Affectionate, earnest, and simple. -
Wm Holden, a Teacher of the School, raised, or would have raised a disturbance because the School was not so clean as it ought to have been, - The conduct on several occasions has been very reprehensible.
I am thankful to observe that Thomas has enjoyed moderate health through the Summer, I have not seen any appearance of the Erysipelas for three months

Aug 9th I visited some of the Sick Scholars viz Mary Blackshaw, Jane Neild, and H Eastwood, and on the following visited also Henry Barnes, who died on the following Day. –

[August] 15th. My Wedding Day:- We were visited by my old friend Wm. Molyneaux from Liverpool likewise by Charles Callis from the same place. - His Mother gave him a neat Reference Bible in which
I printed a Label with the Inscription of this verse
Thy word shall lead my heart to prayer
And guide my feet in paths of truth,
Protect me from each dangerous snare,
Console in age - advise in youth,
All unbelieving doubts removes
And teach my soul & her[?] God Behoves

Aug 25 & 26th Journey to Clitheroe, Berry's Sale - Appointed to value Stock in Trade, Types, Bindings Materials, Shops Furniture, &c &c - with Mr. L. Dobson of Preston Agreed well together. Types £123 odd the whole about 210£ - Charged for Valuing £4.10 per Day - 1 3/4 Days.
The Type was taken @ 2 thirds original value - all under two years usage - Mr. Walsh Employer

Aug 27th about 10 before Eleven Evening my Son CL [Charles Lomax] was born and for safe delivery of my Wife I return my humble & sincere thanks to Almighty God.

License Day - Septr 5 Mrs C.T. [Charles Tiplady] doing very well, - Child also well. He will be called 'Charles Lomax' - Registered Sept 5 No 4 Register No 9. Blackburn Union Joseph Fairbrother Register.

Sept 3rd Brother John Married at Bury to Miss Edmundson by Rev. Bentflower Parish Church.

[September] 19th The Child being very ill, we had him privately baptised by the Revd J Porter - His illness was caused by being unable to suckle the breast.

[September] 20 Memm [Memorandum] The Teachers of Thunder Alley Sunday School presented a small token of respect to William Holden under great & unexpected difficulty arising from non employment. I presented the same, this Evening in the presence of the Teachers.

Nov 15th Our little Son was christened at St John's Church the Day, Sponsors, Brother James, Charles Vose and Mrs Vose. He got a severe cold in the Church porch.
Rev J. Porter presented us with "Ven's Whole Duty of Man"

Decr 25. Attended School this Day, Meeting of Teachers in the Evening - Mr. Hart absent, I think purposely - Very good Meeting. Rev. J. Porter presided and delivered an Address and called upon me to speak - I spoke perhaps half an hour - I was well received. Mentioned Mr. Hart, & his deserveings - & suggested the propriety of a token of respect - exceedingly well taken T. Oddie said it had been thought of three years. - Meeting highly gratifying broke up at Nine. - Good Singing very.

[December] 26 Thos Hart surprised me by hinting that I had [flattered?] his Brother, the night before - I resented - On Monday he resigned the Treasurership, - I asked a reason & wrote him a Letter respecting his conduct - He retaliated by a scurrilous Note. - Both Letters Preserved.
His note ran thus:
Considerable heart burning have arisen in consequence of Thos Hart taking the above in the very improper light he has done. - On the 28th Decr I received in conjunction with his Brother the following:-
"Blackburn Decr 28th 1840
"Having fully made up my mind to discontinue being the Treasurer of the Children's Sick Society, connected with the Thunder Alley Sunday School, I beg to inform the Superintendent of that School that I shall no longer consider myself the Treasurer after the 31st inst. Yours T. Hart"
"To the Superintendent of the Thunder Alley Sunday School"

And immediately wrote him the following:-
"Monday, Decr 28, 1840
"Immediately on the receipt of your note I took it and opened it in the presence of your Brother, and have to inform you that the contents produced feelings of surprise and regret As the note was delivered to me, I feel called upon, to seek at your hands, a reason for the unexpected withdrawal of your Service as Treasurer of the Society - seeing that on Christmas Day not the slightest intimation was given of your determination. - The School will of course wonder what has transpired to cause this sudden and unexpected event, and will no doubt require, or at least expect their Supert to inform them"
"There will be a Meeting of the Committee this Evening, and if you will favor us with a line, it shall be faithfully laid before them"

"Before I draw this disagreeable duty to a close I can but express my surprise and indignation at the manner in which you accosted me on Saturday Morning, as tho' I had said a single word more in praise of your Brother than what was strictly true, and wh:, by the manner in which it was received, I am fully convinced was the sentiment of the entire assembly who heard me. - I think I mentioned that the propriety of giving your Brother a present for his Services had been in gestation three years. - This I learnt only when I sat down, so that what I said respecting that matter you may set down to my origination and I am proud of the feeling, - and more than this, - I should have felt equal pride & pleasure in proposing the same for yourself. - You said that you had been neglected on former occasions, observe me the fault was never mine, - nor can you say but that I always have been ready, if not the very first to acknowledge your services not merely to that Society - but to any with which you are connected. - Why then should there exist in your bosom the smallest particle of envy towards Your Brother. It is neither natural nor christian - neither does it accord with that character of honour and probity wh you deservedly bear among men. - I shall speak plainly - Thomas, if these be the last words I ever utter to you, - there are not two Brothers more highly thought of & respected than you & Wm neither are there two men in Blackburn to whom I am under more lasting & grateful obligations. - But it is plainly evident that there is an Enemy, mind me, I say there is an Enemy somewhere, who sows dissension between you. - I have been as a Deaf Man. I have Listened to many things both now & heretofore - Things which if I had turned over, would have caused a downright quarrel but God Almighty is my witness, & I thank him heartily that I can say, my hand on my bosom, my conscience bearing me evidence that I have always endeavoured to make peace between you, & to rejoice when I saw it established.

"That this may ever remain so, until the time that you & he together with, I hope myself, shall meet in that place where all worldly differences cease.
In the earnest prayer of
Your most obedt Servt.
Charles Tiplady"

I would observe that previously to sending the above, I read it to Mr. H. [Hart] who tho' he would have no hand in sending it approved generally of the contents: one alteration only did he suggest viz. that there was an Enemy who attempted to sow dissention &c - but I could acquiesce. - The day following I called to see if Thomas had any thing to say in reply when he told me he had been advised to take no notice of it - It appears, however, that he re-considered the matter and wrote an Answer as will be seen. The Teachers were told that night that he had retired but gave no reason. Mr. Butler was proposed & unanimously chosen his successor. I was not present at the Meeting.
In the course of three or four Days he sent this reply:-

"Tuesday Decr 29th 1841[sic]

"Had your dictating, insolent, unfriendly, and unkind Letter not abounded with observations entirely untrue, uncalled for, and far from Christian-like, I should have decreed it my duty to have treated it with silent contempt.
"You profess to make peace, but if I know common manner & commonsence, I am quite sure that every impartial person who would take the trouble to read your observations & insinuations to me would immediately conclude you are not the man you wish to be thought in that respect.
"There are so many inconsistent remarks of doing & undoing in your Letter that it would be most difficult to come at the real sentiment of Your meaning. In some parts you represent me as most highly esteemed among men, & a man of honour, &c &c, and in other part you charge me with entertaining feelings, wh: I should consider almost degrading to the Lower beings in the infernal world. - What consistency is there in such remarks as these, I would ask. Before I conclude I must tell you that you are quite at liberty, Charles, to heap upon me whatever ordure your unkind heart may please to vent. I have no doubt I shall be able to bear it. Your's T. Hart
"As you perhaps may make some remarks if you do not receive a few lines from me, tho' I had yesterday concluded not to notice your Letter at all. I have considered to do so today. - I beg to say that I shall not receive any more notes from you on the present subject, but if you have any wish to see me personally, I have no objections to meet you." T.H (copied Whit Monday May 31 1841)
Some of the Teachers thro misrepresentation wished to put aside the intended inscription to Mr H but afterwards re-considered the matter, and allowed the Subscription to proceed. £8 was collected in the School.
The piece of Plate is a Castor with seven glasses, wrought in solid silver, with shields for the inscription - value £14.0.0.
I will leave the above correspondence to the impartial decision of every unbiased mind - being satisfied that the charge of dictating insolence, unfriendliness and unkindness is wholly unsupported. I am at a loss to discover any untruth or inconsistency in Telling a Man that by acting in a certain manner he lays himself open to the charge of envy - & thereby discredits his own fair name. That Mr. T. Hart thus acted and spoke, I cannot consistently with the facts deny & when he could plainly tell me that he was as deserving of a testimonial as his Brother - and that it was an insult to profess such a thing for his brother in his presence & that I had insulted him by thus doing. I will leave it to common manners & common sence of the meanest individual to judge what feelings there predominate in his mind. Nor will it be sufficient to clear him to plead that he was labouring under excited feelings - because the fact itself transpiring that either by himself or else by an Enemy a feeling of envy had taken strong possession of his heart, & had led him so far to divide from honourable course, as to throw up his office without notice and without just cause. - But I will dwell no longer on the theme, it is [illegible] my conscience acquits me of intentional wrong or offence.


1840 pdf includes the text above and the annotated accompanying footnotes

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April 4. - The piece of plate referred to in the previous page was this Day presented, by the Rev J. Porter to Mr. Hart. The Rev Gent being unwell it was necessary to take the same to his house, where I, Mr Butler, Thos Oddie, W Holding & Mr Hart repaired - He was in bed and appeared to me to be in a very feeble state - He gave a suitable address to Mr H on the presentation - Afterwards we went to the School, where, at Mr Hart's request Mr Butler & Myself delivered addresses on the Subject - Mr Hart then replied & was deeply affected by the Kindness of those over whom it had been his province to preside he said he could never forget their kindness & hoped that so long as God blessed him with health he shd be permitted to remain among them.

1839 Feb 4. Revd Ths Exton drowned in the River Darwen. - He was at Balderstone

Sister Mary died March 15th 1837 Aged 33 –

Feby 4th This Day was interred at St John's Church, the late John Hornby Esqr in the 78th year of his Age. He was one of Old Standards of the Town, & no man had for so long a period received the high & approving testimonial of all ranks & classes of the Community. To the Town itself he was indeed a munificent benefactor, to its institutions & liberal & untiring contributor, & to the Poor an unceasing friend. - He was senior Governor of the Free Grammar School - one of the Oldest Governors of the Girl's Charity School, and, in fact, there was no good society to which he did not send his benevolent assistance & no case of real distress that was passed unheeded by him. - In politics he was a staunch & decided Conservative - a Member of the Church of England, and yet exceedingly Liberal Contributor to promote the cause of religion & virtues in every denomination. He died regretted by all the Town & left behind a bright example for his surviving children to imitate. The Inhabitants testified their veneration & esteem for this exalted character by a general cessation from business & by forming a procession to the tomb of this most excellent Gentleman. - I walked in the procession.

[February] 8th Thos Livesey informed me that he had from authentic source that Miss B Alston of Pepper Hill, had been brought to be of a Child by the Rev F Law, about 5 weeks before - If this be true, what great reason I have to be thankful to God that his providence frustrated my intended union with her in 1838; An union, wh to my present thinking wd have produced the most unmitigated misery & unhappiness to my mind. How very strange & singular is the working of events - my very expressions & suspicions, mentioned at the time to my mother - & her parents - as well as to divers friends - & recorded in my former Book are fully & literally verified. - There is nothing equal to biding God's time
Blind unbelief is sure to err
And seem his works in vain
God is his own interpreter
And he will make it plain
​​​​Poor Betsy

(The weather since the comt [commencement] of Feby has been desperately cold & severe - fairer towards the end.

Feby 26 Made an Agreement with Charles Vose to secure him as a Lodger under our roof until his house be ready. - [illegible] per week, himself and wife - Servant to be found half by him, and half by us. - About a fortnight prior to this I & Mary accepted an invitation to take Tea with Mrs Callis, being the first since our Marriage. - A pleasant Evening

March 5th This Evening the Annual Meeting of the Library took place - On the motion G Edmundson, seconded by Mr Hoole, I was appointed Chairman. Present: - Mes [Messrs] Atkinson, Edmundson, Hoole, Swift, G. Radcliffe, Maurice, Tiplady, Chadwick, Threlfall, Wraith, Whewell, Dewhurst, Cort, W Boardman, Lewis, Adamson, Alderson & others. - J D Cort after being admitted in the [illegible] of his Father would have proposed some alteration in the Rules contrary to rules I was of [illegible] to refuse putting them from the Chair. He made use of a deal of silly, pragmatical, & impertinent remarks, & in fact made himself a laughing stock to the Company. –

Wedy March 10th A Special Meeting was held, D Robinson, in the Chair. --- Various resolutions & alterations were suggested The principal as follow:-
The Library to admit Guinea Subscribers, without proprietorship - Annual
The Fines to be re-modelled & reduced.
The Library to be open each Day 11 to 1 for Delivery
Power to call a special General Meeting given
The following Committee chosen to revise the Rules:-

​​William Boardman​​​​​
​Thomas Clough
​Joseph D Cort
​Adam Dinwoodie
George Edmondson
​L. Adamson
​William Hoole
​Thos Atkinson
​Charles Tiplady

Sub-Committee from the above - Geo. Edmundson; Charles Tiplady - Jos Denison Cort -
D Robinson, Chairman
Note. WB. complained of Mr Cort's behaviour to him & C.T. supported the charges made - DR. sheltered him from a severe castigation.
Sub Comttee met and revised the Rules and appointed a Meeting for April 8.

Mar. 21. They chanted the Song of the Three Children this Morng at [Morning] St. John's. It is nearly 20 Years since I heard it before.

Apr. 26. I was nominated a Sidesman at the Parish Church, & on 29th sworn in to the Office. The following constitute the Officers & Clergy of the Parish Church, Revr J. W. Whittaker, Vicar, Revr Mr. James, Curate, Messrs. Thos Bentley, Thomas Fisher, Thomas Waring & Richard Bell, Wardens, Messrs. Robert Bentley, Jams Pilkington, Charles Tiplady & J. S. Livesey, Sidesmen - I pray to have Grace Given me to fulfil my duty faithfully in the Office.

May 11th - Entered into the Prosperous Youth Independent Order of Odd Fellows, - was appointed on the Committee. The admission cost £1.1.0. In the course of the Business the Ballot was introduced for a new V.G.- Br [Brother] Kenyon & Br Plummer, Candidates; - Br K admitted majority - 1- 17 to 16. Also a new Secretary Coulthurst versus Stevenson C. 20. S. 16 –

[May] 20 This Day died James Appleton, an acquaintance & formerly President of the Bn Ops Conn [Blackburn Operatives Conservative Association] aged 45.
This Day terminated the debate on the Sugar Duties after nine nights discussion. Ministers in a minority of 36. -
Remarkable fine genial spring weather from the middle of Feby onward thro' the whole Spring - with scarcely any drawback - & very few east winds.

[May] 15. Thos Farren left. He has now served up his whole time not very much improved I fear.
An Election is generally expected to be near at hand. A requisition to John Hornby Esq. has received numerous signatures.

May 25th J. Forrest called and requested me to go to Blackpool with him in his Gig, I did so partly expecting that that mode of conveyance would be cheaper, but I found that two days expences cost me £1:3:6d viz:

s. d.Suppose going by Coach
Bars to Preston1:4Coach to Preston2.6
Horse  Do    Do & Gin2.0            Do Lytham2.6
Tea at Lytham &c.2.3            Do Blackpool2.6
Bars to Do .6Liquor & Food1.6
Breakfast &c Blackpool, also Tea4.6Keep at Blackpool and beds 2 nights2.6
Horse at Ditto3.6Expences at Fleetwood1.7
Expence to Fleetwood1.7Shrimps &c1.3
Shrimps for home1.3Coaching home7.6
Bars home1.10  
Horse at Preston, &c2.0  
Breakfast at Lytham2.3Expences home1.6
& Horse & Ostler£1.3.0 £1.3.4

but if by Railroad from Preston then about 6/- Less. The weather was fine & agreeable.
On the road we entered into long conversation on various subjects.

[May] 30th I received a very kind Letter from Mr Feilden of which the following is a copy:-

"London, May 29th 1841

"Dear Charles,
"Accept my thanks for your kind Letter of the 28th just received, with its enclosure, which I had seen before. 
"Mr. John Hornby tells me that he shall be in Blackburn on Tuesday next, when most likely he will decide upon the course he means to take, for at present, he is rather undecided, but say nothing about this, for his plans must soon be made public, and he will do nothing to injure me.
`'I think it would be premature in me to issue an Address at present, to the public, because my intentions are known, but I shall have one in readiness, that I hope will reach the points you speak of and give general satisfaction to my friends.
"I am told we may have a majority of about Two on Sr Robert Peel's motion of want of confidence. No Dissolution will take place till the Corn Question has been discussed, for this is the point on which the ministers depend; for Agitation is their object.
"Although I have told you that we may have a majority of Two, I must confess I think it doubtful. The majority may be the other way; it will be a neck and neck business."
Believe me to be, dear Charles
Truly Your's,
Wm. Feilden."

The ultimate effect of the above division, and one which followed it, was to cause the Ministers to dissolve the House, and a very severe contest occurred in the Borough of Blackburn, by which Mr. Turner, the Radical Member lost his seat by a majority of one only. The Election occurred on the 29th and 30th of June 1841.

June 8th. Quarrelled with Mary on the following occasion Thos. hat nib was ill broken, so I took it off, & finding another upon an old cap of mine, I civilly & gently requested her to fix it on instead of the broken one. She said It was inconvenient So no more passed at the time. -This Day I observed that Thomas looked very awkward in the cap & asked why she had not fixed the other on. - She said it was lost. I replied if she had fixed it on when I desired her it would not have been lost. She very snappishly replied that she had told me it was inconvenient. I said considering the little time it would have taken to do it she should have made it convenient. - She retorted that she would please herself when she did it or whether she did it at all. I said I would not submit to her impudence. She immediately replied if I did not hush she would give me something to make a noise for. - Enraged at such downright hectoring insolence I struck her upon which she struck me, & If I had not held her hands she would have "bitten me". To mend matters Charles was in her arms, & screaming dreadfully - Thomas I whipped & punched on the back in my rage for being the cause of the quarrel. - Many other jeers & offences Epithets She called - especially a Brute, & a Liar & so forth. - I told her I should be no man to stand by & hear her threaten to strike me, & for lying I defied her to prove that I had told her one since our Marriage. As an other quarrel she strongly expressed her sorrow & regret at ever marrying me, & if she had thought that I should have behaved to her as I had done she never would. I said she might go then if she thought so &c &c &c. - From this I will have any-body to judge of her temper. I said that if it was wrong to strike a woman, it doubly so to provoke a Man to do that which he descried to do, nor had the least intention of doing - I am afraid I have hurt Thomas.

July 12th The three previous weeks have been all bustle and agitation in consequence of the General Election. The Candidates for the Borough of Blackburn were, Wm. Feilden, Esqr. Jno [John] Hornby, Esqr, & Wm. Turner, Esqr. The two former on Conservative, and the latter on Whig & Radical Principles. The contest was extremely severe & close, The Nos at the close of Polls being

Feilden 441
Hornby 427
Turner 426
Majority 1

The Mob were favourable to the Whig Candidate, - & great excitement prevailed on the Day of Election. Joseph Eccles, Esqr. was the Returning Officer.
Among the papers which appeared, I was the author of the following "Little David", "A Conservative", 2nd Address "Conservatives to the Poll", "A Friend to the Poor" &c &c

Destruction of the Bull Windows &c
 About two hours previous to the announcement by the returning Officer it was currently reported and believed that the Conservatives had been defeated by a majority of Two Votes; but upon careful examination of the Poll-Books it appeared that this Report was incorrect, & there was exhibited a Majority of one in favor of Mr. Hornby. - This announcement exasperated the Liberal Mob to such a degree that they instantly resolved to attack and if possible demolish the "Old Bull Inn" where the Conservative Committee sat during the Election. An immense multitude rushed for this purpose into the market-place & commenced throwing heavy paving-stones, brickbats at the windows which they speedily demolished. They then proceeded to gut the interior - commencing the Old Travellers' Room adjacent to the street, from which they tore Tables chairs, sofas, Glasses and every other description of Furniture - Not satisfied herewith they levelled large stones at the front door which ultimately gave way & the mob rushed tumultuously inside threatening death to all opposition. - In the mean time by the exertions of James Neville, Esqre. the military was called out, the Riot act Read & the Police Constables marshalled into the market-place - whence they commenced a vigorous attack on the infuriated populace, and in a brief space put them to the rout. - It was my lot to be stationed on the Bull Inn, during the whole fray, in which I witnessed three of the most astonishing transitions of human passion, in the inmates that I recollect ever to have witnessed, viz Despondency, consequent on the false Report circulated that we had lost, Excessive Triumph on the announcement that we had won by one & dreadful Terror when the Mob attacked the Building. In the first instance all was solemn silence & dejected countenances - you might have heard a pin fall; - in the second - they appeared positively intoxicated with joy - such salutation & shaking of hands & wishing of joy, I never saw anything equal to it since I was born, - It was, as I may remark, in the height of this bewilderment of joy that the sound of the first missile reached the ears of the assembly - the transition awfully sudden & somewhat ridiculous as shewing the effects of fear on the strongest nerves when suddenly & unexpectedly attacked. - In an instant, men of the most undoubted courage fled panic struck into holes & corners, over roofs & buildings - into cellars, attics, stables, &c &c. - I remained with a few until the riot was quelled. - This is now the third time the Bull has been stormed after an Election.

July 1st The Revd Jackson Porter astonished the whole Town, by marrying his under servant Jane Neville, after a short Courtship of one fortnight - Considering the precepts wh he always strenuously preached against unequal Marriages - the fact was the more surprising & inexplicable. - He also offended some of his oldest and best friends by his conduct in this business. - viz Mr. [illegible] and others. - In a sermon preached by him on the Death of his first wife he said, - "In her place none can ever stand to me but God" and yet in the lapse of time we see his mind changed so thoroughly as to make his servant a Clandestine Wife. So little reliance then ought to be placed upon assertions uttered in affliction and excitement. - If any Man, had hinted to him that such wd have been his conduct afterwards - he wd indignantly have replied if ever that came to pass - look upon me as a Man bereft of his senses.

Augt. 21 - At 1/2 past 5 this Morning a terrific thunder Storm broke over the Town; the rain literally descended in torrents, and quickly laid under water the various Shops and Cellars in low situation, - Salford, Penny Street & other places suffered severely.

[August] 22. Went to Harwood Charity Sermons with James Livesey the Revd Gilmour Robinson preached an excellent discourse from Proverbs "My Son, if Sinners entice thee, consent thou not". The Choir performed several airs and choruses from Handel's inimitable work the Messiah; they sung them in an exceedingly correct, harmonious, & delightful manner. - The whole service gave great satisfaction to the congregation. - which tho' a very wet afternoon was very numerous & filled the church to overflowing.

[August] 29th Revd Dr Whittaker, the Vicar, visited the School this Morning; many of the Teachers & Monitors were gone to Witton, whither also I intended to have gone, but was apprehensive of rain. - He was well pleased with the order and discipline of the School and held a long conference with Mr. Hart, self, and Mrs. Cort. - In the Afternoon the Revd A L. Courtenay visited us.

Sept 2nd Political Memorandum - On the 19th of Aug the New House met and unanimously chose Mr. Lefevre Speaker the Conservatives not opposing his re-election. - In the House of Lords the Address to the Queen's Speech was negatived by a majority of 72, and the same fate befel it in the Lower House by a majority of 91. - Ministers perceiving the decided turn affairs had taken, and that upon a question which they had anticipated would ensure them a majority came to the Resolution of immediately resigning their Office wh her Majesty most graciously accepted Aug 28th Sir Robert Peel was sent for - and a Conservative Ministry formed.

Sept 12th - Dr. Whittaker visited the School both this Day & the previous Sunday. The nos was 593. - In the Aftern at the request of Mrs. Cort and the Teachers I delivered an Address touching the Death of Jane Ainsworth late a Scholar in the School in wh. I took occasion to show three of the distinguishing marks (humility, sincerity & an earnest desire for the salvation of others of a real Disciple of Christ. - and to enlarge on the benefits of Sunday Schools; the advantages of Religion; and the certainty of death the scholars were very attentive & serious - The School was this day visited by Mr. John Lund, Lieut. Holbeck, Revd A. L. Courtenay, Thos Butler, Esqre Mrs. Hopwood & Mrs. Hunt.
The breach unhappily existing between Mr. H. [Hart] & Rev J Porter still continues - Mr P still persisting that he has not acted in a improper manner. The division in the Church is likely to place a serious loss & hindrance to Religion.

Sept 10th Died Ralph Marsden. 12 Wm Forrest, Manufacturer.

Sept 14th. About 10 o'clock this Evening there commenced a most awful & tremendous thunder storm, the lightning was exceedingly vivid & almost continuous - The rain descended in torrents & quickly flooded the lower parts of the Town. Poor Salford came in for a large share of the mud as usual. The river was very high, & many houses in the Town were much inundated. –

[September] 17th. Rev J. Porter called, and stated that he intended each Catechumen with a present of "The Church Service" 32nd [illegible] bd [bound] in Morroco & gilt cost 10/- 220 copies - £110:0:0. The extreme value & magnificence of the present has caused great talk & reason[?] by the Public –

[September] 20 Quarterly Meeting of the B. P. B. [Blackburn Philanthropic Burial] Society - Attended & acted as Chairman - very throng - Some little opposition was raised by Mr. F. Wilkinson against the 4/- allowance for funerals. Said that it was contrary to the principle of the Abstinence Society - to receive or use Liquor at Funerals - & at the suggestion of the Chair it was moved "That the allowance for funerals continue as before - but in cases any Person refuses to take the liquor the Under Treasurer shall pay "three shilling" in money and retain "one shilling" for his own use and benefit." - A man named Harrison complained that a Child of his had not been inspected since entered. It was proved that the Collector of the District had not delivered it unto the Inspector - The same person objected to the appointment of an Inspector & said the Offic [Officer] was both useless & unauthorized. The Chairman read the rule requiring the appt [appointment] of an Inspector & enlarged upon his duties of office - The objection was over ruled by an immense majority. - A Member objected to the printing of the Report oftener than annually - it was argued in reply that the public were not be satisfied unless they knew what was going on. - The objection was over ruled - 3000 Reports were ordered - some new Officers appointed & thank voted to the Treasurer & Chairman - An interesting but (to me) laborious meeting - Home 12 o'clock.

[September] 23. Meeting at Bay Horse of the B [Blackburn] Assn for Prosecuting [illegible] Debt - Appointed Chairman - Read a code of Rules concocted by a provisional Committee - Much Debate on various of them, ultimately agreed to with amendments - Had the offer of being made President for one year - but declined on account of its interference with business, & leading to public houses & drinking. Joseph Parker, President Henry Eglin Vice do [ditto], Charles Vose Secy [Secretary], Wm Johnson, Treasurer - Committee of 7 Meetings monthly & quarterly of the Members - Subscription, 2/- Quary [Quarterly] 2/6 entrance.

[September] 25 Meeting of the I.O.F. [Independent Order of Odd Fellows] proposition that William Walsh be made:- objection - B. Martin unfit on account of [illegible] supported by Br [Brother] Ratcliffe both tailors - Defended by Br Tiplady G. A. Talbot - Br [Brother] R. Hacking - Br A Wilkinson & Br Birch, Surgeon. Ballotted for - For 18, Against 7. - Majority 11 - Made. Had the office of Assn [Association] Secretary pressed upon me last declined on account of business - left early.

Oct 24 Clerked for Mr. Fairbrother at the Parish Church in the Aftnoon - He gave me 1/6 for the duty.

[October] 25 Sale at Mr. Burrells the Printer - small lots - sold well, - but did not make much. –

[October] 28. Valued his printing Material on behalf of the Sherriff amounted to 166:18:8 - including Three Presses. - I conceive with fair competition - the Stock shd fetch this at least. –

Oct 24. The Revd J. Porter having resigned the Rev R T [Robert Thomas] Wheeler was presented to St John's. –

Nov 7. Distributed, in conjunction with Mr. Hart & Mrs Cort 80 Copies of the "Church Service" amongst the Teachers & Monitors of the School - being a parting Token from the Revd J. Porter - they were received with sincere feeling of gratitude. - N.B. Mrs C. behaviour with respect to this present has not been satisfactory to Mr. H & myself. –

[November] 9. Her Majesty was delivered of a Son this Morning at 11 o'clock at which happy circumstance great rejoicing took place. It happened to be the Civic Feast of the Lord Mayor of London. –

[November] 22. - At about 20 min to 5 o'clock this Afnoon, my dear Wife was delivered of a Second Son for whose safe Delivery I desire to express sincere & hearty thanks to Almighty God - His name will be "William Callis"

[November] 24. Wife & Child doing very favourably so far thank God.
Obtained this Day a Licence for the sale of Patent Medicines.

Decr 5. Sunday. - W Hart, Mrs Cort and Myself were each presented with a neat Edition of the Polyglott Bible, with Cruden's Complete Concordance, & to the other the Church Service. - In reference to which the following Paragraph appeared in the Bn Standard. "Valuable Tribute of Respect - We understand that in addition to the munificent presents given by the Revd Jackson Porter to the Catechumens for Confirmation, & to the Teachers & Monitors of the Thunder Alley Sunday Schools, - the Superintendents of the above School Mr. Hart, Mr. C. Tiplady and Mrs Cort were each presented with a valuable 8vo [octavo] Edition of the Polyglott Bible, to two of which were included Crudence [sic] Complete Concordance, & to the other the Church Service - neatly bound in morocco. - The present was accompanied by a note from the Revd Gentn expressive of his good will & esteem to each of them individually and of an earnest hope that they might be long spared to occupy their important stations in that large & flourishing Sunday School. - The Superints have returned suitable acknowledgements to the Revd Gent for his kind and affectionate Remembrance."

Decr 6. Meeting of the Teachers this Evening, Wm Holden behaved in a most disorderly, insolent & rude manner, both to me & to Mr Hart for which he was severely reprimanded. - The Teachers much vexed at his conduct & many wished he would leave altogether.

[December] 7. Little & his mother doing very favorably for which Mercy I desire to be unfeignedly thankful & to shew for that my gratitude not only [illegible] life but in [illegible] life.

Decr 6. Sent the following Letter to Mr. Porter as an acknowledgement for his kind presents The Hymn sung, was "O for a heart &c"

[Entries after those for February 1842 in the original.]

Decr 19 - Paid Dr. Whittaker the sum of £14:2:6 being the proceeds of a Collection in the Parish on behalf of the Xtian [Christian] Knowledge Society - after an eloquent Sermon by Mr. Wheeler the Incumbent of St John's. The Church was exceedingly crowded on the occasion - This morng also the Revd Gentn commenced his labours at St Johns in the room of the Revd Jackson Porter - his text was from the Epistle to the Thessalonians "Brethren, pray for us, that the word of God may have free course and be glorified, and the Lord direct your heart into the love of God and into the patient waiting for Christ - A truly admirable discourse.

25 - Xmas Day. - Attended St John's. Text from Timothy "Great is the mystery of Godliness, God was manifest in the flesh" A very powerful & eloquent discourse.

[December] 26. Mr Wheeler took the singular Text from Genesis "How old are thou", from wh: he delivered a most affectionate & faithful discourse. - He attended the School in the Morning along with Dr Whittaker. - He appears to be a Man calculated to do great good in the Town.


1841 pdf includes the text above and footnotes by D. Hughes

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​[Follows order of the original, entries for 1841 added to that year.]

1842 Feby 4 Forasmuch as human Life is very uncertain and that it is the bounden duty of all Christian Men to be in a state of preparation for Death, both as it respects the state of their souls before Almighty God, and the situation of their temporal affairs as it regards themselves & their descendants, - and being forcibly reminded of the great mercy of God manifested to me fourteen years ago on the 8th or 9th of the present, in sparing my Life under a most severe & sudden accident, and that we know not what a day or an hour may bring forth, I have thought it wise to give instruction to Mr. Beardsworth relative to the drawing up of my will, in which I sincerely pray to be guided by the principle of mercy, truth & justice, as commanded by our Saviour. - And I pray that God would herein give me grace ever to be in a state of watchfulness & preparation for Death and to spend the remnant of my short life more entirely to his Glory - As soon as the instrument is drawn I shall transcribe it for safety in this Book. –

[February] 6. - This Eveng. St John's Church was first lighted with Gas for Evening Service - The attendance was highly respectable and numerous - Mr. Wheeler preached from Acts 16 v.14. The Conversion of Lydia - a very powerful, searching, & eloquent Sermon - the singing was beautiful & altogether the Services were such as to produce a hallowed feeling of devotion in the minds of the Congregation. Mr. W. noted my opinion of the Teachers, I told him that among the females he wd find a real & genuine piety, and tho' the males were not to so decided in character Mr. Hart myself thought highly of them. I perceive that already he has won the affection of the School generally, & the females particularly. - It seems as if the long & dreary winter of cold indifference, lukewarmness, & formality was fast disappearing, & giving place to cheering influence of real sincerity & christian love. - May the Almighty grant us a long season of summer & a rich autumn of spiritual fruits to his honour & glory, & the eternal salvation of his poor sinful creature Man. For myself I can truly say that it is as if a live coal had been thrown into my heart, & set into a flame the faint glimmerings of the smoking flux. May God grant his blessing on the head of our beloved Pastor, & make him an instrument of great good to his Holy Church.

Feby 13th. Was very unwell fever a severe cold which I took by eating a dozen cold oysters. Three days ago, but I must be more cautious in future. Could not attend Church in the Morng or Aftern but ventured at night, Mr. Wheeler preached from St Matthew chap 4 v.1 I instinctly opened to the place before he spoke. - He gave a most eloquent admirable, and spiritual discourse from the Text and elucidated the temptation of our Saviour in very clear and beautiful manner. - The Church was well filled, and Revd Gentn discourse was listened to with breathless attention. The more I hear the Revd Gentn the more am I edified and satisfied - He seems to give unqualified approbation.

Jan. 4 The Congregation of St John's resolved to light the Ch. with Gas. - to mat the floor - & to have Evening Service. Dr W. has given his sanction to the plan, & it is understood to commence on the first Sunday in February. - The Pulpit also is to be altered.

Jan. 31. I have exceeding great pleasure in recording the transaction of the first Teacher's Meeting at which the Rev R T Wheeler attended. - After Mr Hart had finished the business of the School & Sick Society - Mr W. addressed the Teachers in a very appropriate & affectionate manner, 1st on the promotion of Unity & Godly Love And 2nd on the strict consistency of character wh: S S T [Sunday School Teachers] ought personally to maintain - His remarks were at once forcible, - convincing, and affectionate, without ostentatious shew of oratory, his language was beautifully lucid - energetic - & pointed - His arguments were deeply convincing, - and his appeal such as touched the inmost feelings of the heart. The Teachers were all most deeply affected, and it appeared to me that a lasting impression for good was made upon their minds. - Years & years have rolled away since I first entered on the occupation of S S [Sunday School] teaching, during wh period I have frequently pictured to myself the happy effects of a truly evangelical & fine Minister presiding over the T [Teachers] Meetings, and I can without the slightest hesitation affirm that the scenes which formerly were merely imaginative were this evening fully realised - What the sentiments of the others were it is not for me to decide but for myself I can truly say my feelings were drawn out toward him in a most remarkable degree. - It was as if the kindliest feelings of love, affection, reverence, & ardent admiration long pent up in the winter cold formality & reserve had been suddenly acted by the sun of Genuine Warmth of soul of a Christian Pastor before whose kindling blaze frigid & lifeless affection became reanimated with new life & vigour. - Mr Wheeler prayer was humble, fervent, & wrestling - he seemed to labour with a mighty Being to bring down the Spirit of God. - his parting Blessing was delivered in such a pathetic and fatherly manner as to break down the remaining fortitude which his address left unassailed - He carried home I am convinced the united thanks, prayers & blessings of the whole assembly. Many such refreshments may we be blessed with, & to the honor & praise of God may all these privileges redound. Amen (Here follows the previous page but one)

Feby 24. According to a resolution previously determined upon by me, I yesterday affixed my signature to my "Last Will & Testament" in which I thank God I can with a clear conscience affirm I have endeavoured to act impartially to all my Children & relatives. - In the Evening at 10 min to 8 died to the unspeakable affliction of his Relatives & friends Joseph Denison Cort, Solicitor after an illness of only three or four days. Truly in the very midst of busy life - death unexpectedly cometh - May I be ready for his approach. Amen.

Feby 24. On Sunday Last both the Revd Dr Whittaker & the Revd R. T. Wheeler, attended the School. -The latter Gentleman's ministrations are drawing large Congregations to St John's. - He is winning his way to the very heart of his heart. Such another man I often think could not have been given us. May he be long spared to us, and may we become more worthy of him every way.

[February] 27. - The Anniversary of the Death of my first wife. May I be led in the way in which she has gone. The Revd R T Wheeler delivered a Sermon this Evening on the Duty & Privilege of attending the Communion of the "Lord's Table". His discourse was from Luke 22 + 19 vs. " This Do in Remembrance of me". The first enlarged on the Text as a command positively enjoined on all professing to be the Disciples of Jesus Christ, the injunction of their dying Saviour. He then took in regular order the excuses for non-attendance at this Divine Ordinance, 1st. The Men of Business; 2nd. The people of pleasure; 3rd. Unworthiness on account of cherished sin; 4th. Unworthiness on account of Infidelity & unbelief; 5th. The penitent's fears; 6th. The weak believer's doubts; & II. The next shewed the words of the Text as an invitation and a privilege:- described the suffering of our Saviour in language the most affecting, eloquent & majestic; he was listented to with almost breathless attention by a throng congregation. He lastly adverted to the growing error of those who rested in the observation of the rite; & 2nd those who substituted the form for the spirit; the sacrament for the Saviour; In which he took opportunity to show the hatefulness of the system propagated by the Puritans. - His concluding and affecting appeal was peculiarly striking & convincing I need not say the Congregation was exceedingly edified. - He is an extraordinary Man and whether St John's consider so or not, I think his coming here to be one of the most gracious as well as merciful dispensations of Providence ever vouchsafed to a body of Christian Believers - or even Chrisn [Christian] Professors.

February] 28. - The Teachers Meeting was held this Evening, and by the Request of Mr. W. the Monitors also attended. - When the business of the Sick Society was disposed off; a conversation arose respecting the School Library, Mr W. & Mr Hart stated that they had obtained several very handsome Donations including £2.2. from Mr Lister - It was then deliberated as to the propriety of obtaining Subn [Subscription] from Teachers, Monitors, & Scholars and ultimately agreed upon that a purely voluntary contribution shd be requested from the Scholars - & nothing further. - The Revd Wheeler then inquired of any person had any thing to speak on, or any question to ask, upon which I took the opportunity of respectfully desiring him to give his opinion "On the best Method of diffusing instruction in a Class" He commenced by observing that he was glad the question had been put for he was desirous of speaking on that point. - Mr W. then said that there were two methods of instruction, one he denominated Preaching & the other Teaching the latter of which he considered by far most beneficial. - The first grand point to be gained was the attention of the Children, wh would be best done by frequent questions & short remarks, 1st Get them to know the meaning of the words, then the meaning of the sentence, 3rd find proofs & parrallel passages of scripture - 4th Ask them their own experience upon the subject - He enlarged most beautifully on all these points & concluded by asking if the Tears agreed with him on them - Thos Oddie replied he thought that system was principally adopted in the School. - Mr W remarked that he thought Thos himself was too neglectful of the system, and proceeded to show him wherein he wd be a better & a more efficient Instructor. He said, he gave these opinions in the best possible spirit & hoped Thos wd receive them so. - The rest of the Meeting was highly delighted with his explanation of the subject & derived great benefit. I then asked Mr W a question respecting his Discourse on the Sacrament the preceding Eveng observing that I believed some had got the impression that he was intending to speak to the Young Persons lately confirmed, from an expression wh he let fall in the Afn Service. He rejoined by entering into the subject & delivered a most kind, affectionate, & fatherly address to the Monitors, wh was listened with feeling of intense gratification & interest. - We then sung the 57 Hymn "Come Holy Spirit Heavenly dove" to Bennetts, and surely there never was a Hymn sung with more humble & fervent Devotion. - Our Dear Minister Concluded with prayer a prayer that went right home to the heart & carried the feelings up to heaven. - I know not what to think - it seems as if a dream - pleasant, lovely & refreshing had come over our weary spirits. Long may he be spared to live among us & lead us in the path of true holiness. Mr H. was equally delighted with myself & the Teachers departed to their home, happily able to exclaim "It was good for us to wait upon the Lord".

March 1 - Marmaduke Callis called - he has left the Army.

    " 6th Mr W opened the School. Attended the Communion at Noon, was in a tolerable state of mind, 172 Communicants - the Largest Nos ever known to attend at one time in St John's. Afnoon Service omitted, the scholars staid in the School. Mr W & his wife visited us. In the Evening went to St John's, where there was a tremendous Congregation, Mr W. preached from Lamenn [Lamentations] c.3 verses 31 to 33 on the Afflictions of men; he shewed first "that the Lord causes grief" for wise purposes not always in anger but in mercy - in order to destroy the sin, yet save the sinner. 2nd That the Lord doth not afflict willingly but of urgent necessity, and when no other means will become his benevolent intentions towards the afflicted, 3rd The End of Affliction he next beautifully & clearly laid down, in several most eloquent illustrations & similes - especially that of the Gold refiner, who however often he put the metal into the furnace, was careful to lose nothing but the dross and tin - &c &c. 4th He showed in what spirit afflictions were to be received - & quoted various passages to show that submission reverence & filial obedience, were required from the sufferer to render the afflictions a means of sanctification, 5th He described the comfort & consolations to be derived in affliction, from the word of God; - the sympathy of believers inward peace - & lastly he dwelt upon the last great affliction to which all were subject - death. His descriptions here were exquisitely touching powerfully eloquent and inexpressibly tender. - Upon the whole it was a most admirable discourse, and certainly appeared to me to make a deep impression upon the very attentive audience. My wife attended first time since little Wm was born.

March 10th. Attended the Annual Meeting of the Over Darwen Gas Compy. for the inspection & settlement of the Accts. Present Eccles Shorrock Esq, John Brandwood Esqre Messrs, Seth Harwood, G H. Openshaw, T Pearson, J. Blackburn, T Clough, Jas Walsh, Jno Critchly, Wm Johnson, and myself, with one or two others whom I did not know. A variety of Resolutions were moved among the rest one for a Dividend of 5 per cent upon the Subscription. Upon the whole it was considered that the Affairs of the Compy were in an exceedingly prosperous condition.

[March] 13th The Rev R T Wheeler was rather unwell, but nevertheless he preached a most faithful & solemn Sermon, on the duty and responsibility of Heads of Families to promote & maintain family worship. His discourse was from Gen [Genesis]: 12 vs 6, 7 & 8, the journey and conduct of Abram, His discourse made a sensible impression on the Congregation.
N.B. The matting for the Floor was this Day laid down & the other alterations finished. By command of Mr W. the font has been removed from the Porch into the Church. - So this piece of Puseyism is destroyed.

[March] 15 - My Poor Sister Mary's died this Day four years after a short residence in the Lancaster Asylum - Charles Callis sent me a short and pleasing Letter from Liverpool to which I forwarded a reply.

[March] 17. Have been much disturbed on account of Thos conduct, of which my wife had reason to complain, and was obliged to use severe chastisement. In the morning I talked with him on his fault, he begged forgiveness with strong & earnest cries, when I represented to him his sin; O lord give me grace to correct my children with moderation, temper, and justice, and to remember mercy to penitente.

 [March] 20. - Mr Wheeler preached today on the prevarication of Abraham in denying his Wife, from wh he took occasion to condemn in the strongest manner all quibbling & duplicity in disguising the truth. I was sorry to see so poor an attendance, especially in the North Gallery. - In the Evening he discoursed from the preaching of Paul to Felix - a most extraordinary eloquent and awakening discourse. He made many of us tremble - may the word spoken be unto me a savour of Life unto Life - & not of "Death unto Death" The Church was fully attended. - In the first part of the Sermon, he explained the position in wh Paul stood at the time he preached before Felix - 2nd The tyrannical conduct and avaricious character of Felix - 3rd The guilty & disgraceful character of Drussilla, his adulteress wife - 4th He reasoned unrighteousness to Felix - temperance to Drusill, and judgement to come to them both. His application was exceedingly powerful & earnest.

[March] 16th. - I was most agreeably surprised by Mr Hart presenting me with two guineas from the Female Friendly Society, and told me that I was to consider myself the regularly appointed Secretary.

[March] 21. - Went to the Old Hall in Samlesbury with Mr Hart, a most agreeable and pleasant excursion - In the Evening presided at the Quarterly Meeting of the Bn P B Society [Blackburn Philanthropic Burial Society] at which I had considerable heavy duties to perform and Labour to get thro' the business - Upon the whole however, the Meeting was much more orderly than I expected, and listened to the suggestions from the Chair with favorable attention. Several perplexing motions were put, but not adopted, and the Meeting dispersed in a very orderly manner. I received considerable help from Rd [Richard] Dugdale the Engraver, & others and I hope I was able to maintain impartially the character of the Chair. –

[March] 21st Brother Wm unwell. - Had cough, & great Lassitude

[March] 23rd Meeting at the Bn S. [Blackburn Subscription] Library, when various modifications were proposed, and a select Committee appointed to draw a digested plan of the Alterations. - Mr Atkinson formally resigned his office. The Committee named to consist of Messrs Tiplady, Clough, Carus, Slater, Chadwick, Atkinson, and Hoole. - To meet for business on the Last Tuesday in April. - @ 7. I to give Notice thereof.

[March] 24th At the Town's Meeting for the appointment of Overseers. Mr Brennand in the Chair - I moved a Resolution to the following effect "That this Meeting recommends to the Board of Guardians to take into consideration the salaries of the Overseer and Collector, and the Relieving Officer of Blackburn, with a view to allow remuneration for the additional duties which they are respectively called upon to perform, Carried unanimously.
"Wrote the following Address on the presentation of a Church Service to Miss Feilden of Feniscowles"
"Dear Miss Feilden"
"It becomes my duty, at the request of my fellow Labourers, to present you with this trifling mark of our esteem & gratitude, in return for the kindness and unremitting exertions which you have ever manifested in the welfare of this School, and in promoting the individual prosperity of all connected with it.
"We are well aware that a Lady moving in the rank of life which you have the privilege to occupy and adorn, can but regard any present with feelings of comparative indifference, so far as respects its nominal value; but being also well assured that you will attach more values to the motives than to the Offering itself however costly, we are not discouraged to put into your hands, even so humble a testimony of our esteem as the Services of our Church. - No the many instances of affection, zeal, and benevolence which it has been our happiness to experience under your mild governance & tuition forbid us to entertain any such discouragement, for as you have on [illegible] interested yourself in our welfare, we are persuaded it will be very acceptable to your feelings, to know that we are desirous hereby of expressing our thanks and gratitude, in a manner that language entirely fails to describe, and to assure you the Lessons of Instructions wh. we have received from you, we earnestly desire to treasure upon our hearts and practise in our lives.
"By the wise and over-ruling arrangements of Providence it is now our misfortune to suffer the loss of your presence, your pious zeal and your exalted example. When we consider the loss in reference to ourselves & the School, we are ready to exclaim with the Patriarch Jacob, all these things are against us; But on the other hand, while we see pictured before you the prospect of much felicity, and the enjoyment of such happiness as it is our hearts' desire you may fully realise, we can the more cheerfully submit to this Dispensation and reply "The will of the Lord be done."
"We pray sincerely that the blessings of God Almighty whom you serve, may accompany you & sanctify all your future life; - that you may enjoy that peace of mind, under all the changes & changes of this mortal life, which a good conscience void of offence towards God and man, alone can give; that in the family into which you are about to be implanted you may experience as much satisfaction and domestic happiness, as you have enjoyed in the bosom of your own family under the roof of your venerable and beloved parents; that your children may be virtuous, prosperous, and happy; and you yourself, at the conclusion of earth's changeful scenes, may safely arrive at that happy land where no sorrow, separation, sin nor death disturb the happiness of the redeemed of God. Amen.” NB. She is about to be married to an elderly Gent of 60.

"Good Friday" - Attended St John's in the Morning & received the Sacrament, but was in a very cold frame of mind, and much troubled with vain and worldly thoughts. The Rev Mr Wheeler preached in the Evening from 53 Isaiah v. 11 "He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied." - At all times the Rev Gent is peculiarly impressive in the Delivery of solemn subjects [illegible] & he was so in a remarkable manner this night in delineating the Passion, Suffering, and Death of our heavenly Redeemer. - The Congregation were deeply affected - even to tears, at the graphic picture of our Saviour's Suffering, and it is to be hoped that great good to the souls of all present was experienced.

Easter Day - An excellent discourse from the Rev R T Wheeler on the Resurrection - too much fatigued to attend Evening Service.

[March] Tuesday - 29. - The Annual Meeting of the Female Friendly Society was held, when 250 Members partook tea, - The Rev R T Wheeler, Mrs. & Miss Wheeler, Mr Eccles, Mr Butler, & Mr & Mrs Hart were present. The Meeting was exceedingly agreeable & pleasant.
Balance £400 Members, 292.

Sunday April 3rd - It was my good fortune to hear one of the most choice & excellent Sermons from Gen [Genesis]: 13. The separation of Abram & Lot, - wherein was manifested the manly, disinterested, and noble conduct of the Patriarch, in a case of extreme delicacy & difficulty. Mr W. pointed out in a very beautiful manner the precise situation of Abram to Lot and the earnest desire of the former to make peace, tho' at considerable disadvantage & sacrifice to himself. He then at great length entered into a practical application of the subject, and strongly reprehended the conduct of professing [illegible] in regard to one another, - concluding with an exhortation [illegible] away all malice, strife, envy & uncharitableness with friends, relatives, neighbours, & families. His discourse was listened to with evident strong interest And I have no doubt but that in some instances the word was sharper than a two-edged sword dividing to the marrow & joint - In the Evening of the same he gave us a beautiful History of the valour and faith of Gideon the Judge of Israel - & spiritualised the subject by portraying the character & conduct of the "Christian Soldier."

[April 4th?] Monday, Teacher's Meeting - at which a deal of unpleasant business was introduced respecting the conduct of certain Members of the Sick Society, one of whom being proved to have defrauded the Sy [Society] was excluded. As many of the Male Teachers were absent at a Meeting of their Club, Mr W. was disappointed and deferred delivering his sentiments on several subjects until a future occasion. At the conclusion a most beautiful Hymn was well sung - Prior to the Meeting Mr W. [Wheeler] called upon on some business belonging the Clerical Society and incidentally told me that my Brothers-in-Law, the Jas & Joseph Ca. [Callis] had waited upon him the day before respecting his Sermon in the Morning, wh: it appears they considered personally directed at them. He refused to hear any stories and assured them that he knew nothing whatever of the Family, serve that I was their Brother-in-Law

April 10th - Mr Hart being at the Funeral of Mr R Haworth, could not attend the School in the morning. - Mr Wheeler however attended and delivered out the Tracts. - In the Morning Service Mr W's discourse was on the worldly spirit & avaricious conduct of Lot; from which he shewed the calamity of darkness wh. that character brought upon himself - In the Eveng he advocated the claim of the Girl's Charity to a numerous congregation from the words "Remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, it no more blessed to give, than to receive." He illustrated first the duty & obligation of giving - from the arrangement of Providence the poor ye have always with you & 2nd. The spirit of giving not in ostentation but in a cheerful, humble, thankful and obedient mind - in gratitude to God- and as Almoners of his bounty to us; - Lastly he stated the Blessings attending the performance of this duty - He then in a very pleasing & affecting manner drew attention to the object of his discourse and concluded by strongly urging it to the generous consideration of his audience - The Collection was £14:10:0. - This Day my mother attained her 65th Year in good health, & provided for by a gracious providence after many years of severe trial - She and all my Sisters took tea together at my house in social harmony & peace. A week of the finest weather imaginable.
Br [Brother] William something better - bad symptoms abated. –

[April] 12th Went down to the Pump House, it being the Evening for changing the Chairs - P G Talbot NG. J Hayhurst VG - and at the earnest request of the Lodge I accepted the office of Secretary. - I also presented P G. Talbot with the Silver Medal of Merit, given by the Lodge in testimony of his valuable services. W Walsh was elected to the office of Assistant Secy. - The Meeting broke up rather later than I expected.

[April] 17th Having a sore throat was not able to attend either Church or School this Day, but was confined to my house; -

[April] 24th. Attended the Wesleyan Chapel and heard a good Sermon from the Rev W. J. Skidmore on the subject of the promise "My God shall supply all your needs by his riches in glory in Christ Jesus" - A Collection was made for the Missionary cause.
In the Eveng the Revd R T Wheeler discoursed from Rom [Romans]: 3, and 28 verse, "Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the Law" - He made from these words a most admirable and argumentative Sermon, in which he utterly annihilated the doctrine of human merit, and clearly demonstrated that it is by Christ's merit alone that a Sinner stands justified in the sight of God.
Scrutiny. For the last 10 Days the Town has been thrown into considerable political excitement by the determination of Mr Turner to scrutinise the Election - Accordingly a Committee of the House of Commons, viz: Lord Worsley, Mr Crips, Col. Rolleston, Mr Rundle, Mr Archbold, Sir A Brook, and Sir Edward Hayes were balloted to try its merits. A great number of witnesses were taken up, & great expence incurred - At the end of a week, however, Mr. Turner found himself losing Ground, and gave up the contest.

Riot April 28th 1842 - This Evening a Large Mob congregated in the market place and revenged themselves on Mr Hornby by smashing the Bull Inn windows, The Police & soldiery were called out & dispersed them in all directions. Jno. W. Astley, the father of James Astley, was thrown down & killed on the spot. - Such is the end of their wild & reckless conduct. - The verdict of the Jury was 
"Died by the Visitation of God." Brother Wm at Great Harwood & gradually recovering. Attended a Meeting of the Widow & Orphans' Fund & was pleased to find much real benevolence Exhibited by the Committee.

[April] 30. The weather during the whole of the month has been exceedingly dry & sunny, with a east, north-east, & south-east wind. In Blackn., with the exception of a few Drops on the 24th, no rain fell.

May 1st. The Rev R T Wheeler preached two excellent Sermons - In the Evening his Text was "Be ye Doers of the Lord not hearers only."
Brother not so well again - Jno Sutcliffe sick also.

[May] 8 Heard the Rev R. T. Wheeler on the subject of Baptism and Circumcision. He endeavored to prove, and successfully I think, that Baptism was a Continuation of Circumcision under another form, the 1st was a Covenant of Blood - the second of Water, one antecedent to & in expectancy of the Coming of Christ - the other subsequent & in command of Our Blessed Saviour. His Sermon in the Evening was peculiarly impressive, & strongly convincing of the necessity of infant baptism. - He very properly shewed that it was a sign of inwardly & spiritual grace.

[May] 12th Attended a Meeting of the P. G. L. to take into consideration the propriety of removing the same to the Commercial Inn, - We expected little or no opposition, but to our surprise found that the intrigues of one or two persons a strong party was raised against the motion wh: in the first instance gave them a majority of [illegible]
and secondly in a majority of one. - The ignorance, wilful stupidity and beastly conduct of the majority was such as to fill me with feeling of unmitigated disgust. - I gave notice to resign my situation among them. - Some of them would sell their vote for a glass of Ale. - P G. Emmett also gave notice of resignation.

[May] 15th (Sunday) Officiated for Thos Oddie, - In the Morning Mr Wheeler read the Homily on the Holy Ghost, in a very impressive manner, the contents of which were exceedingly sound & instructive in doctrine. - The Evening service was still more interesting, the Revd Gent preached from John 16 v. 7. - On the operation, offices, and influences of the Holy Spirit - It is impossible to speak too highly of the munificent Sermon which he delivered from this subject - clear, methodical, & occasionally eloquent beyond language to describe He first proved the Divinity of the third person in the blessed Trinity from various texts of Scripture, and having clearly proved this point he proceeded to shew that the Holy Spirit Convinced Men of their Sins, 2nd of the righteousness of Xt [Christ] & 3rd of a judgement to come He then made a practical application of the subject to his hearers by a series of touching, pathetic & earnest enquiries into their spiritual state, and concluded by an affectionate exhortation & prayer that he & they might be guided, comforted, supported, and sanctified by the Blessed Influence of the Holy Ghost.

[May] 16. Was exceedingly sorry to hear that Mr Turner has given my Uncle Ratcliffe notice to leave Mill Hill - It seems that he has taken the loss of his seat in Bn very sorely at heart. Now so far as regards myself - I can say, that if Mr T had acted to me according to profession, or as in strict gratitude he was bound to do; I shd voted for him - at least given him one vote tho' contrary to my wishes & in opposition to my political principles.

[May] 21. Have been very irritable and cross all week. God give me more grace to subdue ill-temper.

[May] 22nd The Rev Mr Wheeler preached on the subject of the Holy Trinity, from whom he 1st proved its incomprehensibility to finite Beings, 2nd he shewed nevertheless that Scripture fully substantiated the Doctrine, 3rd that a bare formal assent to it would not avail a Man. He dwelt upon the necessity of possessing the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, feeling the love of God shed abroad in our hearts, and constraining us to love him in return, & hold communion with the Holy Spirit in sweet fellowship & confidence - The Sermon was truly eloquent, and delivered in an animated style. The congregation was exceedingly satisfied & I sincerely hope all of us were benefitted. What a poor wretched people should we be without the life-inspiring Doctrine & Precepts of the Gospel. - In the Afternoon the Rev R T Wr [Wheeler], and the Rev S. J. Allen visited the School, and the latter Gentleman advocated the cause of the London Hibernian Society in a feeling & affectionate Address after wh. a voluntary contribution of £1:10/- was collected in the School, - Mr W expressed himself highly gratified by the generous feeling displayed under trying & depressing circumstance of the times. When the School had closed with prayer by Mr Wheeler, delivered in an exceedingly devout & reverent manner - the oldest class of Girls & some of Boys joined together & sang a Hymn 1st to Ocean which was beautifully harmonious & delightful. - The Children had all sung very sweetly the 137 Hymn to Caroline in the Afternoon & had rejoiced both the Clergymen exceedingly. In the Evening a Sermon was preached in St John's Church by Mr Allen and a Collection made on behalf the same Society - Altogether the Services of the Day in the Church & School were such as deeply to impress my mind with the gracious goodness of God in vouchsafing such great & valuable privileges. May his Spirit assist my infirmities, in a dangerous & crooked generation.

[May] 23rd Br William a[t] Lytham for the benefit of his health. - John Sutcliffe also sick & from his work.
In the course of this Day was solicited to visit an Old Scholar, Joseph Pomfret, who has fallen into great affliction & distress; about 6 weeks ago he buried his father, & in a week or two following some rascals entered the House, and robbed himself & Brother of their clothing which they should have had on to appear at Church after their father's funeral. - These things preyed upon his mind naturally weak & timid and so overwhelmed him in despondency, as to bring on a strong nervous fever, the symptoms of which, from my observation appear to be very similar to those of my late Sister Mary - He seems to have an horrible dread of some fearful calamity hanging over him, starts at the least sound, and is apprehensive of being left alone. - When I visited him, and enquired if J. P. [Joseph Pomfret] lived there, I was startled by hearing him in a rapid & incoherent manner call out "yes" and immediately asked me if "it was not all over". Being used to similar expressions from my Sister, I soon recovered self-possession sufficient to enter into conversation with him. - He surprised me by his answers, wh. yet appeared to come from a mind unsettled and that had lost its stability of thought. I reminded him of the Afflictions of Job, and of David, out of which after sore trials God delivered them, he replied that he well remembered the passages, and instantly quoted Isiah - where he speaks of the coming of Christ & the comforting of the People, which struck me as being very appropriate, - I followed with passages in Jeremiah & in the New Testament to which he listened with attention, yet there was a vacant stare at times which convinced me that he was bordering on a very dreadful disease, Lunacy. - I endeavoured to compose his mind as much as possible, and he, at times, was convinced that great weakness was come upon him, Before I left I prayed with him, there were present besides his relatives, John Baron, Andrew Berry and John Witton, all of whom were under my care at Grimshaw Park, and they were deeply affected by the distress of their friend. It surprises me frequently to find how often, even after the lapse of several years, my old Scholars in Grimshaw refer themselves to me in perplexity, distress, or when requiring advice, wh: to me is convincing proof, that however much S S [Sunday School] Teachers may be disposed to imagine that their "Labours are in vain in the Lord" & think that little or no impression has been made by repeated Precepts & Lessons of Instruction, yet where the spirit of God has accompanied their teaching, the fruit tho' slow & protracted in their appearance, do most unaccounted to us, [illegible] and that under circumstance the least favorable to their [illegible]. This poor young Man, tho' verging on insanity, could tell me I was his first Teacher, some fourteen years ago in G P S [Grimshaw Park Sunday] School and no doubt some good Lesson of the Word, like a good seed had taken root in good ground, and will yet perhaps, bring forth fruit to the glory of God. - How surprised probably have Mr Yates, Denistone[?], Graham, and R Sagar, frequently been, that the way and wilful, over confident Lad Charles Tiplady shd nevertheless & not withstanding all his then unprofitableness, & present unworthiness yet have been by the Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, raised to occupy a station of Superintendent for many years in two large Schools of the Establishment.

In the preceding week, Mr Atkin & Mr Wraith, proceeded to take Mrs Callis stock, and found a considerable defficiency [sic]. They were much dissatisfied with her conduct, and especially with respect to her her [sic] marked favoritism to Charles Vose, - Br in Law. Marmaduke, Joseph, and George, were much vexed at her - and quite agree with me in thinking that such behaviour is far contrary to the intentions of Mr Callis, who, doubtless, was desirous that all his children shd be equally benefitted by his property. - For myself, she married into the family and having now two Children born, I praise God for enabling me by my lawful calling to provide for their wants, so that no heart burning & jealousies have been stirred up against me in the family. - Surely she must be devoid of all Christian Principles to set at defiance the will of her late husband, and the wishes of her children - But the day of retribution will arrive, and woe to them for whom the "rod is prepared".

May] 28. James Callis married at Padiham, the young woman with whom he had become connected. - Joseph Pomfret was sent off to Blackpool with John Mitton & Andrew Berry.

[May] 29. Sunday - Mr Wheeler continued his subject on Abraham, bringing down the History of the Patriarch to the Birth of Isaac. - His discourse was principally directed to prove that Isaac was the child of promise, & a type of the believing Church of God, that Ishmael represented the children of the Flesh, mockers of those who separated themselves from the world & the sinful lusts of the flesh. - He concluded with a practical application 1st to the young, 2nd to the Unbeliever 3rd to the Church, to all of whom he very affectionately gave an exhortation suited to their different conditions. - In the Afternoon I officiated for Thos Oddie who did not attend the School Our subject was the 23rd Chap: of Jeremiah - on ungodly, unfaithful, & carless [sic] pasters, from which we took occasion to shew the duty of a Christian Minister, Father, and Teacher, to save from destruction & from being scattered abroad the flock whom God had given them in charge - The beast we explained as representing the Devil - Sin, Evil Doctrine, & Wicked Companions, which were all waiting to prey on the Lambs of Christ's Fold, with a view either to their eternal destruction, or to their dispersion by persecution, schism, or dissent, - I concluded by an exhortation to the Boys to manifest due reverence to their pastors, teachers, and masters. I am truly thankful to state that they were very attentive. - Mr Wheeler's discourse in the Evening was on Baptism, but as I neglected to make an entry at the time, I cannot give the particulars.
Br William mending - he is down at Lytham

[Sunday the 5th June Attended the Sacrament, but having been vexed in the earlier part of the Day was not so composed as I ought to have been. - The Sermon in the Morning was a beautiful exposition of the Miracle performed by our Saviour on the Nobleman's Son at Capernaum He shewed 1st the importunity of the Father - mixed still with unbelieving doubt - "Come Down" said he, Not like the Centurion, "Speak the word only, and thy Servant shall be healed" - 2nd His belief when the sign & miracle had been performed. - He concluded by an exhortation for Believers to bring their wants to God, & leave it for him to deal with them as he would. - The Sermon was short but very interesting.

May 31st 1842
A Transcript of the Summary of Mr W. Callis Stock in Trade, at the time of his Death. - taken by the Executors and sworn to:-
Exors Peter Atkin, Hargrave Wraith, and Alice Callis.

1833                Dr£sd1833                Cr£sd
Household Furniture of various sorts included in Stock &c157
18"Debts owing by the concern, which Mrs C. had to Liquidate643128
Additional Pews18""

Funeral Expences        5.0.0

Misses C.                    4.0.0

Stock in Trade48943Clothing                      9 11 2   
Book Debt5283

Dues                            0 13 0

Grave Stone Cutting   2 17 4

Cash in hand, and in the Bank10556Probate Duty35177
Bad debt recovered2012"Expences Do Returning616"
    Legacy Duty, Total20151
    By Balance of Stock on hand428175
Total                               £114349    
Probate Duty Returned14156    
 £sd £sd
1834 To Balance brought Down428175Valuation of Property"15"
    Legacy to Marmaduke30""
               "   Nancy30""
                "   James30""
                "   Elizabeth30""
                "   Charles30""
                "   Joseph30""
                "   Eleanor30""
                "   William30""
To Balance of Stock18825    ​

In the Evening Mr Wheeler completed his Discourses upon Baptism by a splendid Sermon from John 3. 3 Verse Except a Man be born again, he cannot see the Kingdom of God - In which he first shewed the view which the Ch: of Engd maintained on the subject, in the Baptismal Service, in the Catechism, the Articles, and in the Homilies. - The Church, said he took it for granted the recipient of the Sacrament was a true Believer, & as such entitled to the covenant graces & blessings promised in Baptism, and he maintained that both in adult & in infant Baptism & where this was the case, they were bound to believe, that the Baptised person was regenerated. He dwelt largely upon this point, & produced a variety of proofs from the Prayer Book & other sources to uphold his view - 2nd He proceeded to show that all who were baptised, were not all regenerated - for if that were so, what should be said to the daily experience of thousands living & dying in sin & open rebellion against God, of men who while they had the mark of a Christian upon their forehead, yet in their hearts & lives utterly denied their Religion & their Saviour. He also threw some light upon the duties & obligations of Sponsors - they promised, in the name of & for the Child, which promise the Child himself was bound to perform, when he to age. He shewed that Sponsors & Parents were required to make know & instruct their Children what had been promised for them. Upon the whole I think I can truly assert that I never heard the Subject treated in such a masterly style so full of sound, sensible argument; since discrimination between doctrine & ordinance, the sign & the thing signified; and withal comprehensive in detail, elegant in language, energetic in delivery & faithful in application - A most notable discourse, rich, powerful, scriptural & conclusive, searching to the heart & convincing to the judgment of the hearers, the congregation dwelt upon the Speaker with an intensity of fixed attention, - at once delighted, instructed & enlightened. Talk of printing Discourse not one in 100 of the printed discourses I have read, are fit to be named with it or compared thereto. It was a noble effort & no doubt blessed by the Almighty & the souls of many who heard it. - No language can paint in colours so striking as it ought the merits of this extraordinary Sermon, suffice it say he finished by peroration as Grand, as it was beautiful, and as deeply affecting, as it was exalted and sublime. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is Spirit.

May 30. Received the white Degree at the Lodge - the sign of which is right thumb over left - two fore fingers pointed - the rest clasped - The pass word "Charity".
The weather since the commencement of June has been oppressively hot - & sunny, the thermometer frequently rising to upwards of an hundred degrees - This Morning (13) we had a shower of rain which would be found exceedingly beneficial.

June 6. Died Lettice Kenyon, one of the Teachers belonging to Grimshaw Park School & an old scholar of Jno, Alston's. This is the [illegible] Young Woman that Jno. has buried from his charge.

June 12. - The Rev Mr Wheeler proceeded this Day in the History of the Patriarch Abraham subject the Offering up of Isaac - which forcibly demonstrated the principle by which Abm was governed thro' the whole of this painful trial; his unflinching obedience to the command of God, and the reward of his obedience was the blessing wh: the Almighty - pronounced upon him. - The Sermons were very affecting & earnestly impressive. - In the Evening the same subject was continued; - in the course of his observations he shewed how Isaac was a type of the "Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" - of Him who died on Calvary Mount to atone for the sins of a guilty world. -
The School was slender in the Afternoon, the heat being intense. Mr Hart, Mrs Cook, Miss Sharples, Miss Whaley, Thos  Oddie & Mr Baynes being all absent - I think the heavy duties of the school have latterly been thrown much upon my shoulders. - I taught the first class: we read the 2nd Chapter of the 1st Book of Samuel in which we took particular notice of four things, 1st The prayer & thanksgiving of Hannah for the mercy of God in giving to her a man-child - who was most solemnly dedicated to God. 2nd The great wickedness of Eli's Sons Hophni & Phineas, who committed vile abominations in their office of Priesthood; 3rd The neglect of Eli, in not administering suitable reproof & justice - and 4th The awful threatening of judgement on his house by the Almighty "because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not". - We took a retrospective view of Hannah the wife of Elkanah, shewing how she endured much reproach because of business, while Peninnah being blessed with a numerous offering, daily they tried her to make her fret - Her husband's inability to heal this breach, her recourse to God - the imprudent judgement of Eli who thought she was "drunken" - her successful application & happy deliverance of a Child - Samuel & the consequent song of praise of the chapter under consideration. The Boys were very attentive & seemed much pleased with the Lesson.

[June] 14th - This Day in consequence of Richard contradicting me I gave to violent passion & attempted to strike him, he resisted and but for the interference of James & John a serious encounter might have happened, I regretted afterwards speaking so severely & hope it will be a caution to me in future not to indulge in anger.

[June] 15th - At four this morning I awoke with a violent pain in my right side, but whether owing to being bruised or by cold I cannot determine - most likely both. The pain increased up to noon to such a degree as to cause me to leave work where to bed where I took a sweat & opening medicine, and by the blessing & mercy of God, my breathing was somewhat easier - In the afternoon Mr Wheeler called upon Me & hearing I was unwell came up stairs - He dicoursed [sic] to me, & delivered a very faithful prayer, to which I am thankful to say I was able to give great heed, and was deeply moved by a sense of my own sinfulness and unworthiness I thanked him for his kind visit, and in reply he said it was his duty to visit the sick, & he hoped I should also pray for him. I felt exceedingly drawn out toward him, & could not help pressing his hand fervently & praying that "God would bless him for ever".
The same Evening the Lodge met to discuss the Proposition that it be removed, & contrary to the expectation of some, tho' only in accordance, with my anticipation it was finally resolved by a majority of 22 to 17 to remain at the Pump House, considering the subject by myself I came to the conclusion that it would be best for me at once to resign my office which I have resolved to do at the next Lodge or Lecture Night.

[June] 19th The Rev H. Haworth of Goodshaw officiated & preached an excellent Sermon on the worthy example, consistency & courage of Daniel, who was not to be deterred from performing his duty by the fear of Man. The Revd Gentn showed the difference wh: he feared existed between the character of Christians in the present day & Daniel, and ended with a fervent exhortation calling upon all men to honour God by public profession & private devotion. - In the Afternoon taught Mr Baynes class in the School - Lesson the 12th chap 2 Book of Samuel - in which was exhibited 1st The integrity of the Prophet Samuel - 2nd The reproof of the People for their ingratitude, 3rd The anger of Jehovah in the Storm of Thunder & Rain in the time of harvest - 4th The contrition of the Israelites & 5th The kind & gracious exhortation of the Prophet. - The Class is a fine one & I was well pleased with the attention & awareness of the Boys. In the Evening Mr Haworth preached, but I was not present.

[June] 20 The Quarterly Meeting of Burial Society, when a variety of motions were introduced by Mr F. Wilkinson, Mr Fell, S Smith, and others, respecting the expences of the Society. It was urged by S. Smith that the expense of Printing was too heavy, & he argued there was no necessity for quarterly Reports, on a motion being put it was carried that there should be half-yearly instead of quarterly Reports. The various propositions which followed were all negatived, except that it was ordered the Committee should produce vouchers for the funeral Expences of March Quarter.

[June] 26th Mr Wheeler this morning discoursed on the Death of Sarah, from which he entered into a detail of the many virtues of modesty, fidelity, and obedience. - He also, in glowing colours portrayed the generosity of Ephron the Hittite in the bargain which he had with Abram for the selling of a Burial place, The discourse was very interesting.
On the following Sunday, previous to his short absence from the Town, Mr Wheeler concluded his Lectures on the Life, character, and Death of Abraham the last Sermon of the Series, which I had not the happiness of listening to, was I understand, peculiarly beautiful & full of interesting matter - He represented the aged Pilgrim Abraham as now coming toward the close of a long & virtuous Life - full of honour, riches, and length of Days. - His earthly affairs settled - his every wish fulfilled - and his Spirit longing to be released from its burden of clay, that it might join the exalted - and the happy Saints in Heaven, - Like the glorious Sun, after a toilsome journey on a long summers, finishing his course with peculiar brilliance & effulgent glory, so Abraham - the friend of God - having kept onward on his course & kept the faith - declined into the peaceful Tomb - leaving behind an example of piety - integrity - & holy confidence, which he earnestly called upon all to copy.

On Sunday the 17th of July, expired after a very short & sudden illness W. Turner Esquire of Mill Hill, late M.P. for Bn. It is supposed that the recent defeat of the Election & Scrutiny, with embarrassment in his affair, preyed heavily on his spirit.

On the 6th of August commenced one of the most extraordinary & complete Turnouts which has ever occurred in this Kingdom; it began at Stayley bridge, on a question of wages relative to a proposed reduction of 25 per cent. from three most unprincipled Masters connected with the Anti-Corn Law League of Manchester, this reduction was attempted at a time when the Trade, which had been long depressed, had shew evident symptoms of a healthy revival, and so exasperated the Operatives that they refused to go to work altogether. - From thence it spread to Ashton, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Manchester, Bolton, Bury, Todmorden, Bacup, Haslingden, Preston, Wigan, Chorley and all other Lancashire Towns, and extended itself to Blackburn on the 15th of Augt. - Messrs. Rodgett & Brierleys Mill at Further Gate was the first attempted were they succeeded in turning out all the hands, but were prevented from entering by a detachment of the 72nd Highlanders under the command of Lieut Col. Arbuthnot. fifteen prisoners were taken & comparative tranquillity restored.  In the meanwhile straggling gangs of ten or twelve took the advantage of surprising different Mills in the Town, and with the exception of about four the whole were closed before Night. Foiled in the general attempt, & vexed at the firm resistance which the authorities had so ably provided, the mob retired for the day & threatened a decent [sic] of a more violent & determined character on the following Morning. Accordingly they appeared in great strength on the Accrington Road & proceeded to Bn. The Magistrates having intelligence thereby sent a strong police force with a company of the 72nd Highlander, a Troop of the Lancashire Yeomanry Corps, & half a Troop of the 11th Hussars to meet them;  They encountered the Mob at Further Gate, & put them immediately to Rout, driving & pursuing them across the fields in every direction, In the course of a few moments they were utterly dispersed, and about 75 Prisoners captured, which were lodged in the Barracks for safety.
By such vigilant exertions the Town & Neighbourhood was saved from pillage & other violations of the Law, -  yet on the following day the Soldiers were obliged to fire on the Mob, and several persons were severely wounded, but happily not mortally - the most serious case was that of a Young Woman, living in Penny Street, who happened to be returning home from the Mill at the time of the discharge of fire arms took,  & unfortunately two Balls struck her, & it was thought there was little chance of Recovery - It is highly to the credit of the Regimental Surgeon & officers of the Regt as well as to the Surgeons resident in the Town, that this poor innocent victim was promptly & gratuitously attended. - Medicine & Nourishment were duly & reasonably administered and were blessed with good success, as up to this time (Novr 28th) the Young Woman survives, and is doing extremely well.
In the course of a few days the Mills resumed employment & our population, without exception, returned peaceably to their employment - which many of them wd never have left but by compulsion.

August 1842 Preston Guild 1842
It has been my lot now to attend two Preston Guilds, being present at the one held in 1822, - I do not consider there was the same attraction this time as on the Last. - With respect to the number of visitants I should be inclined to think they were more numerous by far than at any preceding Guild, tho there was sad falling off in Nobility. - The Trades, as usual, paraded the Town with suitable devices, I walked with the Letter Press Printers.
On the Friday I took my little son, to see a procession of the Scholars, and a most pleasant and gratifying sight it was to see from 5 to 6,000 Scholars, all marshalled out in due order according to their different schools with their Clergy at their head - The assembled in the Market Place around the obelisk when the Mayor gave out the National Anthem which was sung by all the schools. - after which Several rounds of cheering was given for the Queen, the Mayor - the Vicar and other Distinguished Persons - The children were then marshalled to their respective Schools where suitable refreshment was provided for them, and they no doubt separated highly delighted with their entertainment.

Sept 13th I was much disappointed this night in losing the vacant situation of Librarian to the Bn Subscription Library. The Election fell between myself and Wm Stirrup who defeated me by a majority of one. I attribute my unsuccessfulness in the first place to the animosity and activity of Thomas Clough, Solicitor, whose conduct to me has been exceedingly unkind & vindictive, - 2ndlyto the carelessness and neglect of some of those Gentn who should have attended and voted on my behalf & who either came not at all, or else so late as to be of no service at all. - 3rdly to a Circular which Thomas no doubt originated wherein he made it appear that Mr S. had been appointed by a Committee already and therefore [illegible] several favourable to me to hold back and refuse to [illegible] had the honour of receiving the support of John Livesey, Esqre, James Neville, Esqre and others to whom I am grateful.

Sept 18th The Revd Charles James, Curate of the Parish Church having died after a very short illness, the Revd G. H Ashe, in the absence of the Revd T Wheeler, improved his death this Morning from the impressive words in Matt [Matthew]: 25 - v. 13 Watch therefore, &c. &c. The Rev Gentn was exceedingly affected, and the congregation apparently deeply impressed by the solemn service. He died on the 13th inst - having been poorly only 3 or 4 days.
Sept 19th The Quarterly Meeting of the Burial Society was held this Evening when I was unanimously voted into the chair. I explained some errors which had appeared in a former Report. The motion for not printing a quarterly Report was confirmed. Several foolish and random observations were made by some vulgar fellows, but were quickly over ruled - The Society is in an exceedingly prosperous condition, having saved not less than £308 during the quarter.
To thee, O Lord, I humbly pray
Protect and guide me thro this day
From danger, and from vice defend
And bring me safely to the end;
For Jesu's sake my sins forgive
And make me fit with thee to live
(Composed going to work)

Thanksgiving Sermon - Oct 8th. The Rev R T Wheeler, this morning preached a most affecting & eloquent Sermon from Jeremiah 8 20 ver. "The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved. -The discourse was preached on account of the extraordinary & wonderful plentifulness of the harvest; - a subject of the greatest importance & exceedingly well-timed - Never in all my life have I witnessed such a harvest - the fields & fruits of fruits literally teemed with plenty - and the weather from the opening of spring until the closing has been uninterrupted fine, beautiful, & genial. - Praise the Lord O my soul & forget not all his benefits - - The Revd Gent said that the Text naturally suggested two subjects 1st a subject of thankfulness, and 2nd a subject of thoughtfulness under these divisions he proceeded to illustrate the beneficence of God, in the glorious plenty with wh: he had blessed the Labours of our Husbandman, when our fears for the contrary were imagined by the very poor seed-time which followed the harvest of 1841. - He here deduced the reasonable service of heartfelt gratitude wh: the nation at large and every single individual in particular was bound to pay to the Almighty. - On the 2nd head he introduced a spiritual of illustration of the harvest of the Last Judgment his warnings to the unbeliever were here of the most solemn & pointed description and concluded with an earnest call to repentance.
E Hindle, my servant, having left of her own accord, I have been under the necessity of changing, I can honestly remark that I have endeavoured to supply her Father and mother's place, and would have done so still, if she had conducted herself as she ought to have done.

Oct 16th

Octr 23. Sermon on the Christian's practical character "Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the Kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven" - From which words he preached strongly enforced the indispensable requisite of holiness in the Christian's walk - He divided his subject into three divisions comprising 1st The government & conduct of the Temper; 2nd The restraint & command of the Temper; 3rd The general consistency of the Xtian [Christian] in his business. - From the 1st head he exposed the lamentable deficiency of the present time of Persons professing to follow the meek & holy Jesus, and yet, on the smallest provocation & sometimes without any cause at all, indulging in anger, sulleness, bitterness of spirit, peevishness & uncharitableness, how ready to resent, how slow to forgive how contrary to that spirit of love described by St Paul in the 13th of Corinthians, - he ended the division with an exhortation to correct this manifest evil. On the 2nd head he dilated largely, showing the misery & wickedness produced by that unruly Member the Tongue, - slanders most foul - idle tales founded upon rumour, conjecture, malice, and sometimes nothing at all, bickering, strifes, envying, backbiting, lying: - With the same member praising God in the Psalms & Hymns & perhaps shortly speaking evil - nay cursing our Neighbours. The learned Gent proceeded to adduce testimonies from Scripture to the support of his views, and concluded this part by calling upon even the most circumspect to set a watch upon the door of his life that he offend not in his tongue - In the 3rd and last division he laid down some places[?] useful & scriptural Rules for Men of Business - showing what spirit ought to stimulate & control in their counting Houses, Workshops, Desks or Offices, Counter or Shop - that there be a manly, open, candid, friendly, honest demeanour, no slipperyness, no chicanery, no obligation of dealing - but a fair, reasonable, and marketable profit when at this point the Rev Gentn was interrupted by the unreasonable laughing of one or two Members of the Congregation, whom he publicly reproved, and then concluded this most admirable discourse.

[October] 25th I attended the Lodge, and requested permission to have a Clearance granted to remove to another Lodge - The members expressed extreme reluctance to part with my services, and desired to know my reason for leaving I stated that it was an inconvenient distance, and that I wished to be among my Friends or Companions. After consultation the Lodge resolved that the request be not granted, carried unanimously.

[October] 30. Sermon in the Morning against the neglect of attending the Communion - searching & peculiarly solemn - In the Evening the Revd T. Walsh of Feniscowles preached from these words, "Unto the Upright there ariseth light in the darkness" - In which he shewed that tho' the righteous were not exempt from trouble, yet they had a consolation & hope wh: helped them through - upon the whole a good sermon.

[October] 30 & 31 Mr Hart informed me this morning that Mrs Cort had resigned her station in the School as Superintendent of the Girl's School, and upon enquiring the reason I found that a conversation between her & Mr Wheeler had led to some disagreement, in which he considered himself grossly misrepresented to the Teachers by Mrs Cort - as having said that he was dissatisfied with the School & the sort of Teacher in it. - And as she could not explain it to the satisfaction of Mr Wheeler, he told her she was unfit for her situation. Upon which she immediately quitted the School -
Mrs Cort sent a written message to Mr Hart & myself stating that she desired to see us at the close of the School We waited upon her; & found her in a very excited state, respecting Mr Wheeler & in a long conversation attempted to justify and defend herself.

My own private opinion is this that Mrs Hart has a strong dislike to Mrs Cort & influences the conduct of her husband in this respect - I believe the Lady to be well affected towards the School, but guilty of too much gossiping & talking, & perhaps, upon the whole not sufficiently circumspect in her Language - & it would be well for her if she would rectify this error.

Mr Hart & Mr Wheeler wished me to attend them in an interview on this unpleasant business, and I endeavoured to set him right on one or two points in which I thought he laboured under a misapprehension with regards to his congregation, - This statements certainly appeared to me so far as man can really be credited, fully to exonerate him from blame, in the matter of Mrs Cort or of behaving to her with undue severity - I am afraid that my bluntness & plainness of speak was both unpalatable & annoying to him but I am not conscious of having said any thing but what I would utter again - This Evening strikingly I perceived a studied reserve in both him & Mr Hart at our Meeting but this might be merely imagination, as it seems Mr Wheeler had been addressed the Teachers & Monitors in a most affecting & impressive manner.
A word about Mr W. in conclusion, I have thought him a man of an austere & unbending disposition - peculiarly strict & methodical in his views & certainly inpatient of any restraint, contradiction & control - He has been complained of in more quarters than one, of entertaining very high and proud notions: he has restricted himself to the Society of one or two individuals in his congregation to the manifest chagrin & jealousy of the remainder - It has been said by some that he has refused to visit the Sick when called upon - because not in his district & upon the whole that his address is far more calculated to promote feelings of fear than love. I believe him to be ruled in many things by Mr Hart, who has always been considered to entertain very high notions. But as a Preacher I consider him incomparably eloquent, scriptural & faithful - For the rest, who has not his own faults?

Octr. 31. My dear little Son William Callis has been extremely unwell these few days, & appears to me to be fading away - "The Lord gave, and the Lord taketh away, blessed be the name of the Lord."

Nov 1. According to my expectation Dr. Whittaker this Day having to see me on business took the opportunity of entering on full particulars respecting the unpleasant disagreement between Mrs Cort & Mr Wheeler, to repeat which would occupy far too much room, & perhaps be dull & uninteresting except to those immediately concerned. Suffice it to remark that he perfectly coincided with my views upon the subject, & seemed to think both parties equally blamable - He admitted Mrs Cort aptitude to garrulity & the consequent deviation from strict truth, and at the same time thought that Mr W. had made too much of the circumstance, and in fact, had seized as an opportunity of getting rid of a Person against whom he entertained a strong prejudice. He was however strongly desirous of preventing a rupture with the School or Mr Wheeler, & concluded from the appearance of things that it would be most prudent to accept her resignation. While I was with him - her resignation was handed in, which he read to me; he entered into a long statement of other things connected with the Congregation of St John's, Mr Wheeler, and the School, and told me that he intended to bring the matter before the General Committee. - Altogether he appeared determined to unburden his own mind, & to know my sentiments both of which I can with honesty state were explicitly developed, both on his own & on my part. - The interview lasted upwards of four hours.
In conclusion he desired me ascertain the opinion of the Teachers, as to the necessity of appointing a successor to the late Superint Mrs Cort, & report the same to him, which opinion he would lay before the Committee at a Meeting that he would call for the purpose.

Novr 4th I this qualified as a "Commissioner" under the Blackburn Improvement Act, & gave a vote in favor of Mr. George Illingworth, the candidate for the office of collector, who was elected.

Respective Numbers were
Mr Geo: Illingworth 168
"  Jas. Wood 15
"  Richard Lund 127
Total 310
The majority for Mr Illingworth was 41

Nov 7th. Dr. Whittaker called a Meeting of B N & S S [Blackburn National & Sunday Schools] Committee to consider what steps should taken in consequence of the Resignation of Mrs Cort, - The Meeting was attended by all the resident Clergy, Mr Lister, Dr Markland, Messrs Cort, Haworth & Hart. As I had promised to inform him of the state of feeling existing among the Teachers of the Girls School with respect to the necessity of appointing a Successor to Mrs Cort, I forwarded to him the following Note which was read to the Meeting
"Blackburn Novr 7th 1842
Revd Sir,
I have, in accordance with your request ascertained the wishes and opinions of the Teachers in the Girl's School, with respect to the necessity of appointing a Successor in the place of Mrs Cort; and I find that it appears to be a general opinion that such appointment is not required, nor, under present circumstances, at all desirable. They are persuaded that Mr Hart & Myself, will be quite able to conduct the general business of the School, without the aid of a Female Superintendent, & I sincerely concur in that opinion.
I am Revd Sir
Yours faithfully
Charles Tiplady"
"Revd Dr Whittaker
This note was considered sufficient to found a resolution expressing the opinion of the Committee, that it was not requisite, at present to appoint a Successor.

Novr 13 Mr Wheeler preached two excellent Sermons at St John's; collections amounting to £33 were made in support of the expenses incurred during the Year.
More than £400 have been subscribed by St John's since the commencement of the Year.

[November] 20. Heard Mr Astley in the Methodist Chapel, preach from these words "Ministering for the adoption" & in the Evening, from John 17: verses 1 & 2 in both of which discourses, for a young Man, he displayed exceeding eloquence & spirituality of doctrine - The Collection for the Schools followed amounting to £31 & upwards.

[November] 22 & 23 Great rejoicing throughout the Country in consequence of the Victories obtained in China & India, by which it is hoped that an advantageous & honourable peace will be effected.

[November] 27. The Revd D. O. Etough preached a Thanksgiving Sermon on the event, taking for the Text "He maketh wars to cease unto the ends of the earth" from which he endeavoured to shew that God ordereth all things in heaven & earth, and that tho' we were too apt to charge our losses on our own [illegible] & our victories on our courage & good management it was the disposing finger of the Almighty wh. ordered the [illegible] Speaking of our recent victory in China, he compared to [?] 300 to 3000 - & said that when he considered the skeleton of [illegible] Army of five thousand, opposed to a population 360,000,000 of people, would it be attributed to any thing short of the finger of God, that we should under such great disadvantages of Both distance & climate, still prove conquerors.

Mr Wheeler, in the Afternoon, delivered an earnest exhortation from the words, "After a long time the Lord of those cometh & Reckoneth with them" - In the course of his Sermon he took occasion sternly to reprove the idle & unprofitable Servants, - and dealt very summarily with the excuses of the Board and others, who made all kinds of excuses rather serve God. He denounced the vengeance of God against all such, & concluded with an earnest call upon every believer to wait in a state of vigilance for the "coming of our Lord".

Now, with regard to the idleness & sloth charged upon the Laity of the Church of England, which Mr W. in this Sermon so strongly reprobated, I would humbly ask, where does it arise? - So far as I have seen of St John's people, I believe there exists a willingness to every good work, - Yet often have I seen the best motives of an active Layman traduced - he has been looked upon, by the Clergy, with an eye of suspicious jealousy as tho' he was guilty of usurping some privileged authority belonging exclusively to the clerical Order; or he has behaved as a wild enthusiast, a methodistical dreamer, or a canting hypocrite; and his conduct has been as narrowly scrutinised as if ever it were a delight to catch him off his guard. - If the Church of Engd. Ministers wish their flocks to be active to be always abounding in the good work & Labour of love they must come down from that exalted eminence in which they have placed themselves - must consider that every man in his work[?] as a Teacher,  or Minister, or Exhorter or otherwise is equally the servant of one Head "even Christ" our Lord & Master and they who are specially "Ambassadors" of the word. - I have frequently been checked for what has been called officiousness - in my [illegible] in the School. - and yet, perhaps the self same day, have sat and listened to a discourse condemnatory of idleness & sloth. Oh when will the inconsistency of them allow them to see that God "is no respecter of Persons" no nor of forms either - but delights in the offerings of a willing Mind, springing from a pure motive of Love to the souls of our fellow Men.

Mr Wheeler, in the evening commenced a series of four discourses, (during Advent) of Death, Judgment, Heaven, and Hell? He took his Text from the 9th chap. of Hebrews part of 27 verse "It is appointed unto Men, once to Die". from which words he clearly proved the curse of Adam to have been inherited by his Descendants. His remarks were very searching & of practical utility - his manner most impressively solemn & affecting:- his language at once simply lucid, - energetic, & eloquent - and the application of the whole subject impressively awful, personal, and calculated by God's Splendour[?] to arouse the indifferent, awaken the careless, terrify the Infidel, and fill with profound veneration & awe, the most sanctified believer. In the course of his remarks he alluded to Voltaire, & his description of that arch Infidel's dying bed was sublime & magnificent in the highest degree. It is needless to say that he was listened to with breathless attention, and unequivocal signs of deep feeling & conviction. - When I returned home I thought of poor Alice Miller, who might for ought I knew be on the verge of eternity, so deeply impressed was I with her illness, that when the family had returned to bed I prostrated myself before God & supplicated his mercy on her behalf. - that he would forgive her sins, and snatch her from the jaws of Hell. - In the morning I heard that she died at 1/2 past Nine the previous, which as near as I can tell was about the time I felt so much on her behalf.

Decr. 4. I have to regret among the follies of the past week the being led to stay from home on Monday Evening much longer than was either seemly or necessary at Mr Emmetts God give me grace to refrain from this practice altogether.
This Evening the Rev R. T. Wheeler, to a crowded Congregation delivered a most solemn, affective, and convincing Sermon on the dread realities of the Last judgment His text was Matt. 25 31 to 33 Verse, and was in most particulars the same that he preached in the Parish Church the first time of his appearing among us. He took a review of the Last Day in three principal particulars 1st "The Judge", 2nd The Judged and 3rdly The Sentence - in which he first pointed out Jesus Christ as the Person to whom all judgment was committed he detailed at considerable Length his second appearances - the glorious retinue wh: wd accompany him. & the Office of King wh: he would then sustain - he made herein a striking contrast between his first & second appearance - Once a Saviour, now a Judge once the judged of Men, now the Judge of all Men &c - 2nd The Judged & the manner of the same - for the works done in the Body. After explaining the past in a very powerful manner - he lastly dwelt upon the sentence to be pronounced to the Blessed & to the Cursed, & concluded with a most beautiful & heart stirring appeal to his Congregation to flee from the wrath to come - It is almost needless remarking that his discourse was listened to with undiverted attention, & profound seriousness - He seemed to go beyond himself in all former efforts that I ever witnessed in him. God Almighty in mercy grant that I & all who heard may thro' his mercy be privileged to receive a "Blessing" on that Day.

Decr 8 (Thursday) Attended the Funeral of William Dixon, one of the Teachers belonging the Sunday School - An excellent and pious Young Man, of few words, but always prompt at Duty's call - A Man of a peaceful & quiet demeanour, humble, devout and sincere. After a serious illness of 17th Weeks he departed this Life in the joyful anticipation of a glorious resurrection at the Last Day. When the funeral was over, (at wh: Mr W officiated & I clerked) the Teachers returned to the House and sung several beautiful Hymns - The Parents of Wm were greatly concerning their Son, and appeared to me acquiescent in this afflictive desperation with unaffected resignation.

[December] 11th. In the Morning Mr Lamb of Darwen officiated - A Good Gospel Sermon, on the obstinacy of Jews in rejecting Jesus as the Messiah particularly applied to unbelievers now rejecting him as their Saviour.
Afn: Mother & Sister Dined with me. - Went up to Grim [Grimshaw] Park School, where, by the kindness of Mr Feilden was permitted to speak a few words to the Scholars - on the value of the Holy Scriptures for instruction - example - and comfort - The Boys were attentive but not so numerous. - The Girls very numerous, (259) - A sad want of Teachers in the Lower School.
Eveng - The Revd R T. Wheeler preached the third Discourse for the season of Advent viz: "On Heaven" The Text was from St Paul "The glory that shall be revealed in us" - From these words he took occasion to point out, in very clear and scriptural Language the nature of the Enjoyments of Heaven, - he particularly enforced the doctrine that the saints would resemble Christ - they would be like him - without sin - without death - & without sorrow - The Church was much crowded with attentive listeners.

[December] 12 & 16 - Attended to perform the duties of making up the Burial Society's Accounts

[December] 18th (Sunday) - The Anniversary of Mr Wheeler sojourn in this Town. - The Revd Gentn improved the occasion by preaching a most affecting Sermon from these words For we have this treasure in earthen vessels that the glory may be of God & not of us - He shewed here - "the treasure" the everlasting of Gospel of Jesus Christ which, said he, in much feebleness it had been his exalted privilege to preach - yet he could say with the mercy & grace of God assisting him - he had preached - he had exalted the name of Christ above every other and called upon the Congn to pray earnestly that they might still return the privilege of a pure, unmixed, unadulterated preached Gospel. - 2nd He bade us remember this Treasure was committed to earthen Vessels. - to poor, weak, erring Man - to men like themselves liable to infirmities & sin - &, God knew, how deeply he deplored his own "negligences, ignorances & sins." - how he mourned over his infirmities - and he here in a most touching & beautiful manner apologised to us - that if in thought, word, or deed, he had said or done anything to give offence, he asked our forgiveness - while at the same moment he acknowledged with gratitude the great favors & universal kindness which he had received from us. - In all my life I never witnessed such a sudden & striking effects as these words produced. - Every eye seemed to fill with tears of affection - every heart to respond with soul-thrilling earnestness & every bosom to glow with an expiated flame of love towards our beloved Minister - Old & young - rich and poor - learned & unlearned - I believe at that moment lifted up their souls in secret prayer to God for a blessing on our paster, and when, as if the Holy Spirit had touched with coals of living fires his tongue - he broke out into an exalted & heavenly strain of benediction, on our homes - our stores - our health - our peace, and in short our all - words are inadequate to tell the majesty of the delivery - or the wonderful impression wh: that "Blessing" produced on the Congregation. - He lastly, after pointing out the [illegible] vessel was for security - & conveyance - dwelt briefly on the concluding part of his Text "That the glory might be of God" in which he shewed that God had chosen the weak things of the world to confound the mighty and in short wd not give his glory to another. - The application of all was - in what manner had we used our privileges & he solemnly exhorted us all to be watchful - not to let our hearts be hardened but to give up ourselves to God. - Amen. Amen.

Big with expectation & anticipation of the Evening Service a continued stream poured into the portals of the Church, till every pew appeared filled with occupants - Mr Wheeler took his Text from these Emphatic Words, "The Wrath to come" After opening his Sermon with a few remarks on the awful necessity under which God's Ministers were laid to deliver the whole counsel of God he divided his discourse in several heads, the following were the most prominent - First the wrath to come was certain - it was released into many passages of Scripture in such unequivocal terms that left no room for the slightest doubt. "The wicked shall be turned into Hell with all the people that forgot God." 2nd It was Divine Wrath. - The wrath of Lamb of God whom guilt hardened, and impenitent sinners had despised & rejected - He who would have been their Saviour wd now be their inexorable Judge.
"There guilty ghosts of Adam's race,
Shriek out and howl beneath thy rod
Once they could scorn a Saviour's grace
But thy incens'd a dread God.
Tremble, my soul, and kiss the Son;
Sinner, obey thy Saviour's call
Else your damnation hastens on
And Hell gapes wide to wait your fall."
Dr Watts

3rd It will be deserved wrath - the day of grace having been slighted the day of wrath will be deserved. - 4th It was unmingled wrath - there would not be one drop of mercy in the cup of misery - no alleviation - no respite - not even Lazarous might "dip the tip of his finger in water to cool the parched and tormented tongue" - 5th It would be Eternal wrath under this Head the Revd Gent proceeded to picture the horrible despair of the damned in such awful colours - that I utterly unable to describe - I remember however he called particular attention to the words of our Saviour on the Ninth of St Mark - "Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched." Showing that Hell Torments were Eternal - he also explained a passage at the end of the same chapter, viz: That the damned would be salted with fire - which would preserve them into eternal existence, & supply the fuel for eternal torment. - He concluded with a most affecting exhortation amidst the stillness of death, to "flee from the wrath to come."

[December] 19th. - This Evening the third Annual Meeting of the Bn Ph [Blackburn Philanthropic] Burial Society was held, I had the honour of being appointed Chairn. The proceedings of the Night passed off with tolerably unanimity except from the presumptuous interference of a young man named Holt who, being filled with vanity & self-confidence would have persuaded the Meeting to appoint him in the place of 
Alexr Emmett, The Meeting, however, grew tired of his interruption & clamoured however to proceed with the business. The Society has prospered in a most remarkable manner, indeed surprisingly wonderful, when we remember the short period of its establishment - The Meeting honored me by appointing me the Vice-President. After the Meeting I addressed the Officers and partook some refreshment with them. Home 1/2 past 12.

Christmas Day. Mr Etough preached in the Evening, but I do not like his discourse so well as Mr Mr Wheeler's. - Attended Sacrament.

1842, Decr 28 & 29th It has been my lot to experience these two Days one of the most strange & awful providences of a domestic nature wh: I ever knew. - My servant, Catharine Goherty, requested her mistress to allow her to go out with the youngest child (William) for a walk which she most willingly assented to, and thinking she might wish to purchase a few Articles of clothing for herself, she gave her 5/- for that intent, She accordingly went out, and appeared to be in a very cheerful frame of mind, and went down but unknown to us to take tea with a friend of hers one Alice Ainsworth in Nab Lane. - At 20 min to Eight in the Evening she returned home with the child, and had only been in the house a few minutes when she fell upon the floor and began to vomit excessively. My wife instanly [sic] sent Thomas for me to the shop, and I hastened up all with all speed, and when I arrived found Catharine laid upon the Kitchen Floor vomiting. I went to her & loosed the strings of her cloth to liberate her throat, and sent out for a Neighbour Woman to assist me to put her into a chair. We were all of opinion that the woman was in a state of intoxication from the smell of the vomit - Under this impression both I and my wife at the time could not help feeling strong indignation at her. After she had vomited freely she appeared to me to fall into a sound slumber, - breathing heavily - but by no means more so than is common for persons in a intoxicated state - We raised her up in a reclined position on a low easy chair in the Kitchen, & I and Mary watched with until near 1 o'clock in the Morng as far as I can remember, At that time we consulted together as to the propriety & safety of leaving her in the chair & going to bed, and when I had sprinkled her face well with water & rinced [sic] her mouth with the same, we wrapped a Cloak & Shawl around her head & breast and I fastened a carpet round her legs to preserve her from the cold - and left her close to a small fire & went to bed. - We both slept badly, & were disturbed in our minds about her, & at half-past three I got up to see how she was going on - I did not approach within three yards, but considered her attentively with a light which I had in my hand, and listened well to her breathing, I concluded that she then fallen into a natural sound sleep, and left her to lie down again. - At between six & seven we both arose & I proceeded immediately to her for the purpose of awakening her I shook & called her by her name loudly but could get no answers I found also then a portion of blood upon her upper lip as if it come from her nose, I was alarmed at this & went to Dr Pickop for advice, he came up & we laid her upon a sofa near the fire warmed her well, & rubbed her feet, but still we could not produce animation - he took a little blood from her arm & tried to make her swallow, but this appeared quite impossible. He tried & endeavoured by strong mustard plaisters to cause a reaction of the system but all to no purpose, as she continued to get worse & at 1/2 past three in the Afternoon expired.
Impressed with the serious responsibility which lay upon me I waited upon the Constable, Mr Shepherd & gave him the particulars of her death, and he laid the matter before the Coroner - An inquest was held on the following day at the Plough Inn, Penny Street by Mr Hargreaves, and a jury of 16 Householders, among whom were

Mr Alexr Dixon
Mr W. Hart
Thos CarrRd Greenwood
John LucasT. H. Pickup
Henry EglinThos Duckworth
James BriggsJohn Carlisle
Thos GudgeonJas. S. Livesey
A. G. Jordan---- Aspden

Hy. Tattersall, and another whom I do not recollect.



After a patient investigation of three hours and hearing the Evidence of myself, the person with whom she took tea, & the Doctor, - a verdict of "Apoplexy" was returned. - Upon a review of the whole matter there are one or two things which I can but remark as mysterious - 1 was my wife having given her 5/- when she went & we found 2/4 spent whereas the person who took tea with averred that she did not remember her spending a farthing. - Upon the whole, on a calm retrospect of the matter my wife & myself rather incline to believe that poor Catharine must have taken a draught of some kind or other, but what it was - is a mystery. - and so will remain for ever.


 1842 pdf includes the text above and footnotes by D. Hughes

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Jan. 1st. 1843. - The Revd R. T. Wheeler took opportunity this Evening to preach on the opening of the year. - from these words "It is well with thee" - He opened the discourse with a statement that at the end of the year it was a judicious proceeding to inspect the Book & Accounts of the Concern, to see "if it was well with him" - The season afforded an opportunity in a scriptural point for self examination to see whether the soul's accounts were well "in the sight of God. - The Revd Gent then classified his subject into the following divisions - The Nation - the Church, the Town and the Individual separately - With regard to the Nation he entered into a full examination of God's dealing with Britain as a people favoured. The remoted period of her barbarous era unto the time when God had made her the Mistress of many nations, & when her empire extended to the end of the world. - He shewed how God had led her forth when she was small & of no account how he had blessed her & made her the instrument of blessing to many Kingdoms, and yet comparatively speaking she made no suitable return for the mercies & privileges - The consequence was God had lately handed a sign, her harvest - had well nigh failed. her arms been defeated by an insignificant enemy - her commerce depressed - & her land disturbed with tumultuous & seditious assemblies of men who trampled all law under foot - so that the land mourned & stretched out her hands to God, who heard her & had mercy upon her our mother. Had she then returned unto the Lord with full purpose of heart, alas, no. - When the thunder had rolled away in the in the distance had she not hardened her heart & sought out her old abominations, well might the Preacher's Oh: Britain is it well with thee?

[January] 2nd As a Church the preacher enquired "is it well with thee"? He here went on to speak of the Lamentable dissensions, disunion, and he feared heresies wh: had of late arisen in the bosom of the English Church, and was then agitating it in a most distressing manner. He particularly attended to the recent exhibition of sentiments at Oxford by various Learned Men, and shewed very strikingly their direct tendency to Romish Errors and Superstitions. He also [illegible] to the Individual Welfare of the Church - the Professor of Religion - and he brought to view the great want of sound, practical, & scriptural Religion in the Soul. - When he had enlarged on this topic he brought into contrast the State of the Churches mentioned in Revelations & concluded with the 2nd chap: 5 verse.

[January] 3rd The Towns - He shewed the local depravity, grievance and want of vital godliness in the Town, & made a few more remarks on the topic & finally concluded with

[January] 4th A personal appeal to each one present "Is it well with thee" - In our temporal affairs - our domestic & social duties; our religious experience; - the sinner - the penitent - the believer. as Parent with regard to our families - as children - & as every other point and finished this most impressive discourse by a strong, earnest and affecting exhortation to keep the Account between God and ourselves at the end of the Year properly balanced, that when our Master shd call we might be ready to give an account of our Stewardship.

Jany 6. - I was unexpectedly called upon to preside at a Meeting of the Police Commissioners this Day at the Session's Rooms. - There were a variety of Resolutions moved & adopted on the occasion and the regular Monthly Business Transacted. - This is the first time that I ever presided at the Town's Affairs - One particular question settled was a dispute of Rent charged by Joseph Feilden Esqre for the use of Blakely Moor, this much disputed point was agreed to & settled - The Meeting held about four hours.
The Revd R. T. Wheeler has made great exertions to improve the season of Lent by preaching every Evening in Passion week except Saturday.

[January] 15th. Mr Etough, in the Afternoon, delivered a most violent discourse from these words "Who hath believed our Report" in which he used some very extreme & (to my thinking) unwarrantable language. - The Church certainly was slender & probably he might somewhat disappointed, but really the wholesale condemnation both of the Town & of the congregation was such as I could not sincerely agree with - Some of his remarks tended to affirm that Blackburn was far worse than Sodom & Gomorrah, & so on.
Since the commencement of this Year the health of my Brother has very seriously declined so as to unfit him for business, his medical attendants consider him in a very dangerous and precarious state, - the consequence is that my business In his leave fallen heavy upon me, and there is a prospect of them being still more severe by reason of John Sutcliffe illness. But my heart is not discouraged & I pray God to give me his peace to act uprightly to my Brother & endeavour to fill his place with all the zeal and ability of which I am possessed, leaving the issue in the hands of God.

Feby 7th (Tuesday) At 10 min. [minutes] to four this Morning my wife was delivered of a third Son for wh: happy deliverance I return sincere thanks to Almighty God. - His name will be "Richard" On the 19th of March he was christened at St John's Mr Jas. Livesey & Mr Thos Whittaker & my mother standing sponsors. It is remarkable that a distant relative of the Same name shod have departed this Life on the Monday after his birth. The following is a copied of the Obituary from Leeds Intelligencer:


This Person knew my father well, & delivered his descent from the same stock. - I had also another reason for naming this Son "Richard". My father had a Great Uncle of that name who was an opulent farmer, - he died leaving two Daughters, one of whom married Mr John Patrick, the other died unmarried - Mr Patrick had an only child a daughter upon whom descended her Grandfather's Estate but in case of her death as a minor, it was to revert back to the male heirs of the Tipladys. This happened for she died of consumption aged about 17. -But Mr Patrick to deliver up the Estate to my Grandfather the Brother of the said Richard, & enjoyed it as his own right. When my Grandfather died, my father being the only male heir entered into Law Proceedings for the Estate & after several year's delay ultimately succeeded in obtaining the Property Foolish he was with it - but one good thing he accomplished that was establishing my Brother in business - so that this Money was the term of our livelihood. In commemoration of which event I thought it nothing but proper to call this Son "Richard" and pray that God would bless him with all spiritual & temporal blessing, & give me grace to do my duty to him & all my children

April 7. A very important Meeting took place this Day the Bn Police Commissioners under the New Act to consider the Report of the New Market Place Committee & adopt if expedient a Resolution thereon. It was expected that there would be a great opposition to this motion, but to our great surprise Mr Jas. Parkinson's Motion was carried by a majority of 42 to 16; I seconded the Motion.

[April] On the 10th A similar Meeting was held when Mr. Yates' appointment was revoked by a majority of 25 to 4 votes. I voted against the appointment - There was considerable angry discussion especially between Mr Alston & Mr Hoole.
It is the intention of the Teachers & Monitors of the Na [National] School to present Mr Wheeler with a silver Inkstand in token of their esteem & affection. - They have not permitted the Superts to join in this Token of respect

Easter Sunday Attended the Sacrament at St John's and endeavoured to fix my mind on the Lamb of God which taketh away the sins of the World - There was a numerous congregation. - In the Evening the Rev R T Wheeler preached an excellent Sermon on the resurrection of the Dead, from these "For we have our conversation in Heaven, looking for the coming our Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ, who shall change our vile bodies, and fashion them like unto his glorious body according to the mighty working whereby he is able to subdue all things unto himself.

Mr Wheeler (Ap 23d) endeavoured to improve the narrative of Korah, Dathan & Abiram, in the Morning of this wherein he shewed the great wickedness of a rebellious and insubordinate spirit: - and the sure consequence resulting therefrom. - The wrath of vengeance of God.

[April] R Caughe[y] died on the 26 & William Stirrup on the 27th of the present Month, the Latter awfully sudden by his Death the Librarianship again becomes vacant

May the 5th attended the Town's Meeting of Commissrs Mr Jas. Parkinson in the Chair, - There arose at this Meeting a strong and somewhat stormy debate respecting an alledged [sic] nuisance in Darwen Street, by Mr Rd Walker he had been convicted & fined for the same, and wished in order to prevent future Law proceedings as well as to secure better public convenience, to make certain alterations in the parapet opposite his shop, the nature & reasonableness of which were brought before the Meeting by Mr Backhouse. He described in very accurate terms the danger & inconvenience, arising to the public from the present mode by wh: Mr Walker was obliged to load & unload his Carts, and moved that he be allowed to make such alterations as wd prevent such danger & inconvenience, I seconded the motion with a few observations corroborating this testimony of Mr Backhouse, & contrasted the state of the footpath and what it would be if the alterations were allowed.
Truth from his lips prevail'd with double sway
And they who came to scoff, Remained to pray

May 14th 1843
The Revd Jas. [James] Bardsley, Curate of Burnley, officiated this day in the place of our regular Minister - His discourse in the Morning was upon the Divinity of our Saviour Jesus Christ - which he proved, most conclusively and incontrovertibly from the Scriptures. - His discourse was delivered extempore, and with surprising eloquence, fluency and connection. - His utterance tho' rapid, was always clear, - his elucidations apt - his scripture reference remarkably accurate - & bearing strongly upon his subject, his illustrations & comparisons were always suitable - sometimes eloquent - & occasionally pre-eminently  munificent and sublime - The Divisions of his discourse were well filled up & clothed in Langue [Language] glowing with animated, vigorous, & lively oratory. His conclusions were singularly striking and powerfully convincing, and upon the whole I know not that I have listened to a Sermon on the subject, where the majesty - the glory & the dignity of our Saviour has been better pourtrayed [sic] - or the incontestible proofs of his Godhead more energetically or more happily advanced. In short he gave both socinianism & Romanism a most tremendous castigation. In the Evening, the Congregation were again privileged to hear this extraordinary Man. - His Text was selected from the 37th Psalm, 9th Verse "Delight thyself in the Lord". It was observable the Rev G. H. Ashe, took the self-same text on the Sunday Night preceeding - but very far inferior was his discourse -but comparisons are odious - and perhaps in this case justly reprehensible. - The Revd Gent commenced the subject by a beautiful introduction setting forth the restless & untiring search of Man after Happiness - from the King in his Palace, to the Beggar in his Cot, - in every age of life - & under every variety of circumstance - the search for happiness was pertinacsly [sic] pursued - The general exclamation was "Who will shew us any Good?" Having established the principle argument was happiness was necessary to Man - he proceeded to shew what, in order to suit Man's Nature & Capabilities - this Happiness shd consist in 1st the suitableness - 2nd Sufficiency 3rd in Perpuity [sic] - Under these respective heads he endeavoured to shew that the Soul of Man, being created by a pure & holy God - endowed with amazing powers & capacities - and enjoying - like its Author, an undying existence, could never rest satisfied with sensual base, earth born pleasures - which were fleeting as the wind - & as unsatisfying as they were unsuitable to the souls - If possible the Revd Preacher excelled his morning discourse - There was a beauty - a clearness - and a logical correction manifest throughout the whole Sermon. To make a selection where all was equally good would be useless - Yet in his grand climatic was irresistibly convincing - and marvouslly [sic] grand. - He shewed that as Man was an immortal being gifted with super-excellent powers, & aspiration soaring far beyond these proper elements - So nothing could satisfy the craving of Man, short of Deity & immortality. That as from God - our being was derived - so in God & from God was all our real happiness to be found. - In an acquaintance with Him - his attributes, his Works - and his Word. - He concluded his Discourse by a strong appeal to the judgement.
"Whoever thinks a faultless man to see
Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be"

May 30th W Hart this Day informed of the reason of Mr Eatough's [sic] sudden departure from St John's Church, from the first I anticipated but small things from him, and unpleasant style both of his reading & preaching gave much offence to the Congregation - It appears after his marriage he met with a Person (- a relative I believe) of the name of Miss Peacock, whom he brought to Blackburn to reside with him - & between him & her there arose an illegitimate intercourse, - his wife of course resented the insult, but without effect, and the end was that after a few weeks he proceeded to take such liberties, even in the presence of his wife, as to convince her of his unfaithfulness, - for upon a pretence of going to read to her while she pretended to be sick he got to bed to her, and it is thought, he did it several times, however, that he really was guilty of the thing as a fact, for Mrs E. caught them in bed together. - These things coming to Mr W. ears, he resolved at once to put an end to his abominable hypocrisy, and prevented him from officiating again. - At first both the Bishop & himself were anxious to screen Mr E. - but he having given out that it was Mr W's private jealousy that had driven him away, he felt bound in self-defence to declare the truth. - I am opinion that Mr W. acted with perfect fairness, & strict justice, as for Mr E. there is no doubt but he fell into great temptation & was overcome. - Let him that thinketh he standeth, take heed, Lest he fall.
When I reflect upon the very violent diatribe against adultery, lust, & all uncleanness which Mr E so frequently indulged in, & especially when I call to memory his last discourse, on the constancy & chastity of Joseph, & his then exceedingly severe Language against the people of Blackburn and his strong condemnation of jealousy envy malice &c &c I was led to think there was something wrong at home for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. As for poor Mrs E. neither on this nor on any other occasion could she lift up her head in the Church. - From fornication & all other deadly sins, & from all the deceit of the world, the flesh & the devil. Good Lord Deliver us. Amen [illegible] I have of late suffered great temptation with regard to our female servant, in consequence of having to call her up in the Morning - I pray God Almighty, for Jesus Christ to give me grace to resist the very beginning of unlawful desires & to keep my soul fully alive to the awful & eternal condemnation denounced against fornication, adultery, and all uncleanness. - To remember the everlasting disgrace to my moral character, the profound cruel injury to my beloved wife - the abominable shame to my children, & above all the heinous wickedness in the sight of the all-seeing & heart searching God & all for what - for a momentary gratification of lust, which will be the less excusable having the enjoyment of a good, a virtuous, a loving, & a benevolent wife - Let me Remember David & all his troubles - who having gratified unlawful love - was tempted to the black crime of murder & so brought upon him a hand of guilt wh: not all his after life of penitence could sufficiently atone - Also Let me duly consider.

June 3rd. This Morning little Willie being naughty Mary our domestic servant sent him rather roughly to his Mother whereat she flew into a rage & began to scold I interfered & gave Willie a slapping upon wh: she struck me twice & used some abominably insulting language in reference to me & the Servant, I of course discharged the Servant.

May 23rd Attended a Meeting or Lecture on Phreno Magneticism in which Mr Townend put to sleep several Individuals particularly a Young Man of the name of James Counsell, whose development of the Organ of Veneration produced some most astonishing operations.

June 4. Whit Sunday. Spent a very unhappy Sabbath Day ill in body & mind, brooding & fretting over the recent out break of domestic strife caused by my wife, on the previous morning - she seemed more reasonable & wd have been reconciled, but resentment had not yet been sufficiently stifled. - However, that verse pf Dr Watt's came strongly into my mind:
The wise will Let their anger cool
At least before 'tis night,
But in the bosom of a fool
It burns till morning light.
A reflection upon this Verse shewed me at once the sinfulness of retaining angry & vindictive, & tho' I felt & do now feel that I had done nothing to deserve the way which Mary had give me, yet for the sake of peace and consistency I ought now to forgive the offence In the Evng Thomas read the 37th Psalm, & I retired to rest with less irritable feelings than on the preceding Night, praying that all resentment & anger might be banished from my heart. I was poorly & feverish most of the Night

May 24th A remarkable circumstance transpired today altho I cannot help noticing. I had for the last few Days been greatly interested in the perusal of La Trobe "Rambles in North America" - a book which, to my mind, gives a more definite & particular account of that extraordinary Country. - I had followed him with much pleasure from state to state - from river to mountain - from forest to prairie - had visited with him in his hearty excurtions, & his rural rambles, - whilst my mind was thus filled with the subject a Man called at the Shop who had visited a great part of this District, his name was the Brother in Law of Robert Clarke in Salford, - from him, with his maps before us I heard a full & particular account of this New World - he had gone as a Settler but ill health, had induced him to return - he had travelled 1700 Miles west by north & thought of taking up his abode Wisconsin Territory had sailed thro several Lakes & he pointed out to me the exact spot in which he had thought to settle. He had also been in Ohio, Illinoise, Michagn, & New Yorke, had seen the real Indians - but had never proceeded so far West to come within the range of their Territory. He had with him a wife & three children - but ill-health made him home-sick & he returned to his Native Country - He attributed his ill health to want of suitable in a climate with which he was but very imperfectly acquainted.

[May] 28. Mr Wheeler preached two excellent Sermons this Day from this Text "For me to live is Christ, and to die is gain." He shewed what was truly considered living to Christ - by Christ, & with Christ - At Night his discourse was solemn & affectionate, To Die is Gain - Gain is immediate - perfect - eternal. He concluded by an earnest exhortation. -
Mrs Joseph Makinson died, after a short illness.
Visited Wm Sharples, a Monitor, who lies dangerously ill - found him in a comfortable frame of mind.

June 2d. - Commissioner's Meeting - was appointed to the Chair - There were six motions.

(1) The repairing of sundry streets at Grimshaw Park carried. Mover Jas Pilkington, secd Richd Haworth.

(2) A Committee to superintend the Fire Department. Mover, Mr Backhouse, N. Johnson. Committee appointed:- Messrs Jas. Pilkington, Jas. Parkinson, Robert Woolfall, William Hoole, & Wm Littlewood.

(3) Foremen & Pipemen & 30 Firemen to be appointed, Salaries Fn 4£ P. £2 Engine Men £1. – In case of fires F. 4/- Pn 2/- & En 1/- for driving out the Engines & for further services, according to the award of the Fire Department Committee. - A Good commission. Carried. - Movers Geo. Dewhurst, Richard Haworth. N.B. The Engines to be exercised once a month. - The list and resolutions thereon were unanimously adopted.

(4) Repairs of Mount Street, Foundry Hill, Well Street &c ordered - Not much debate excited.

(5) Recommendation to obtain better Water for the streets. ordered to be left with Nuisance Committee. Mover: Richard Haworth, secd Richd Backhouse.

(6) That it be a standing Regulation of the Business of the Commissions' Meetings that no person be allowed to speak more than once on each motion, except by permission of the Chairman for the purpose of explanation, & reserving to the proposer the privilege of a reply. Moved Mr Backhouse secd Mr Vose. The following took part in the debate - Mr Backhouse, Mr Dewhurst, Rd Haworth, Wm Johnson, T. Witherington & a few words from the Chairman.

The Motion, after a good regular discussion was carried. Some other matters, not specific motions, having been disposed off - The Meeting adjourned.

Upon the whole I think it may be fairly said that good order & regularity was a marked feature of this meeting, the Members conducted themselves with courtesy.

June 8, 9 & 10 Brother William gone to Lytham - Being rather slack I took the Stock & found it to be as under

Shop Goods (at cost price & under)4681
            Do                    Do51
Printing Materials &c239
Binding           Do45
Books Debts, Due June 1843352
Paper and Goods up to June 2420
Debts owing by the Concern251
Amt of Stock 1835 (Mrs Tiplady)380
Gas Shares at Darwen100
Money in Building Club20

rom this Statement may be clearly gathered our progress in business. - It should also be borne in mind that Two families have been kept the concern, all wages, Rents, Taxes and Debts regularly & fully liquidated, & duty[?] Br & myself have been able to pay for the Last 6 Years towards a Life Insurances. While on the other hand Mr Morrice, Mr Burrell, Mr Hopwood & Mr Holt have all be reduced to insolvency the 2 first backed by the Stamp Office, & Mr Hopwood by the Bible Society - We have indeed great reason to be thankful that God has blessed our exertions in so remarkable a degree. –

[June] On the 19th Officiated as Chairman at B.P.B.S. [Blackburn Philanthropic Burial Society]. The rules as altered were fully confirmed & adopted. - The Meeting was an unanimous & an amicable one.

July the 3rd Acted as Chairman of the Finances Come [Committee] at Mr Hargreaves' Office. The business was light & soon despatched.

[July] 7th Attended Spencer T. Hall's Lectures on Phreno-Magnetism, in the Theatre, the House was throng & a very lively sensation had been excited, in the expectation of a spirited discussion. The House proceeded to elect a Chairman when on the Motion of Mr Thos Forrest, the Draper, seconded by a Gentn in the audience, I was unanimously called to the Chair; - So far as I could discover from the vigilant observation, there was no deception practised.

In the following page but one I have transcribed a Letter of Conditions to my Brother William, whose continued illness, rendered it next to impossible to calculate on his recovery to health. He of course was very anxious to know my sentiments, as to what I proposed to do in the event of his death, and I concluded it would be much better to make a proposition to him in writing and accordingly adopted that course.

Blackburn Oct 10th 1843
Dear Sir
In answer to your Note of this Morning I would observe that in the first place, I shall not be induced on any considerations, or under any circumstances take into partnership with Jane, or any other Persons after your decease, My determination on this point is, and has been settled for years. And I consider our different circumstances & families justifies this resolve. Your children (females) are fast growing up & will not be likely to carry on the business, mine, on the contrary all males & very young will very likely have to assist me. - You may therefore consider this point settled.
But with respect to Jane's being employed in the concern, I shall lend every aid to make suitable arrangements. - I have no objection at all to give her fifteen shillings per week for her services, - in addition to which she will have the interest arising from her share of the Stock in Trade - the 5 Gas shares, the £200 insurance, and whatever she can make off the farm. Which in calculation would amount as follows:-

Wages - 15/- per week3900 
Interest on Gas shares2100 
Do on £200 insurance800 
Do say at least £300 Stock1200£200

In addition to this you have £40 in the Building Club & the interest of the same at least £5 more, and also your own Stock on the Farm. Beside these the children will have your share of the General Family Legacy and what my Mother will leave on her own account in addition I will pay the children's Education until fourteen[?] & when you consider the Labour & toil which I have had since J. Sutcliffe & you have been afflicted, & the cheerfulness with which all your pecuniary necessities have been met & also the entire freedom from risk in which Jane will stand I may lay claim to some credit for a desire to do everything liberally, & as a Christian Brother ought to do.
I think when I review my proposal, which the payments which includes the payment of Rents, Interest, Taxes, losses by business, & every other responsibility, as well as the entire management of the same, my burden will be heavier than Jane with four little children to maintain & likely for more.
If however this proposal does not meet your approbation you must state some other plan; but whatever it may be without the slightest of ill-feeling or disrespect, I must repeat emphatically that I will not enter into partnership with any one after your decease, which God of his infinite goodness, sincerely pray may long defer.
I am, Dear Brother
Faithfully your's
Charles Tiplady

My Brother continuing much in the same debilitated was advised to call in the aid of a Surgeon from Preston who, after a very careful examination of him, gave it his opinion that he was afflicted by a spinal Affection - He could not promise to cure him, but said he wod do his utmost. - I therefore clearly see the heavy duty wh: devolves upon me, & pray God to give him his assistance to perform that duty in an upright & honourable way.

Sunday, Oct 29th. This Evening Mr Wheeler preached a Thanksgiving Sermon in which he powerfully contrasted the present prosperity of the Nation - with its recent distressed & deplorable state. - After which he made a strong appeal to his hearers on behalf of the New Schools which he contemplates to erect for St. John's Church - By which he would make it appear there were no School belonging the Church. - Now, this in point of theory, is the case - but not in fact, for tho' the Northern Sunday School is not really the property of St John's Church, yet in effect - it is managed by the Clergymen & Laymen of St John Church - It attends that ministry & is in every particular St. John's except in regards its finances, which spring from one fund. But Mr Wheeler & Dr Whittaker cannot agree - The Doctor wishes to be the nominal Head of all the Schools as Vicar, Mr Wheeler desires to have a School under his own control, & not subject in any form - to the Vicar's Authority. - Mr W. appeal was very strong - he represented himself as having the spiritual charge of 5000 souls - most of whom were poor - He stated the population to be nearly 37,000 - & yet there was only 300 Day Scholars, or one in every 127 taught according to the rudiments of the Church of England. - It was his intention to erect Day, Sunday & Infant Schools which wd accommodate Eight Hundred Children, & he strenuously urged the congregation to make a liberal effort to achieve that object. "Do not", said he, let opposition deter you, there never was a good scheme which the Devil did not seek to ruin by Envy. It was his hope that there would not be found one in that Congregation who would not subscribe to these Schools. But if there was one, he emphatically said - that individual would be the first to regret that he had not contributed his mite. - it might not be in his incumbency, - but he distinctly said it he would be the first to rue. - Now whether in making this allusion he was meaning some particular person, who was opposed to the plan, which he was in most accustomed manner of speaking - or he merely meant as a general inform I cannot tell. I am inclined to think the former. But time will show.

Decr 13th This Evening a Sale of Mrs Anderton's property took place, amongst which were the House in wh: I live & the two adjacent ones. - They were sold separately & went for the sums as understated:-

Mr Charles Tiplady's175--
 "    Giles Cunliffe's174--
 "    Joseph Hoyle's £1 off176--
Deeds & Stamps Interest 11-
Solicitor's Accounts161951/2
Promissory Notes,   
Deeds of Indemnity412-

The Houses Let for the yearly Rental of 30:18:0 but there is a ground Rent of £2:5:6 per Annum. - They are however capable of a Rent of 36:0:0. - The Houses are considerably somewhat high but the competition was so great they could not be purchased for a smaller sum. I let them for £11:11:0 G.C. & £11:0:0 J.H. my own I consider worth £12:0:0 - £34:0:0.


1843 pdf includes the text above and footnotes by D. Hughes

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March 28th Great Steeple Chase - a very Large concourse of people attended. Br William still bed-fast and as it appears hopelessly sick. - Mr North hung himself on Wednesday - in a field near the Yew Tree.

April 12th 1844. - This Day effected the completion of the purchase of Houses in Mount Street, as follows

Three Houses, as above

Auction Duty1617
Deed of Indemnity412-
Int [Interest] for Nine Days-11-
Promissory Note                                 } ​
Lawyer's Bill for Deeds & Stamps            }161951/2

The above Sum of £562:4:01/2 I raised in the following Manner:
From Mr B. Stones                                         £40000@ 41/2 per cent
    "    Building Club38100 
    "    5/- per week for 18431300 
    "    Saving's Bank2088 
    "    Cunliffe's Bank701781/2 
    "    Mary's Services200 
    "    Building Club1078 
    "    Railway Shares700 
£562401/2 ​

In March I transmitted a Copy of the Burial Society Report to Lord Ashley, and received the following note from his Lordship

March 30th 1844         


            "I am much obliged to you for the interesting paper you have been so good as to send me,"                                             

Your very obedt [obedient] Servt [Servant] Ashley            

Mr Charles Tiplady.

April 29th 1844. After almost incredible suffering born with Christian meekness & resignation, my brother was this morning delivered from the sorrows of life by the hand of death. His affairs were fully settled & his peace made - The stock & effects were taken immediately afterwards by myself & Uncle Ratcliffe & the following arrangement made with Jane.

Services at 15/- per week390
Interest on Gas Shares2100
Do        Stock £200800
Do        Insurance £200800
per annum       £57100

When I look upon the chequered scenes of the Last fourteen years, during wh: I have been in partnership with my Brother, I cannot but feel deep regret that his Life has been shortened, & harried to an early grave. Many have been the trials & adversities wh: we have combatted together & now I am left alone; with this only consolation that I administered, as was my bounden duty to all his wants & necessities in sickness, & endeavoured to remove from his mind all uneasiness with regard to his Children & widow. - I pray God, heartily & fervently to give me grace to be a Husband to the Widow & father to the fatherless, & to prosper the work of our hands upon us.

Sept 16th The usual Quarterly Meeting of the B.P.B.S. [Blackburn Philanthropic Burial Society] was held, from the Report read it appeared that the Society had a fund of £2260 & 24000 Members. The increase, both of Members & Stock, has extended with marvellous rapidity and the good conferred on the Town & Parish immense & it is needless to remark that the utmost unanimity of sentiment prevailed, & the officers partook of refreshments at the close of business.

[September] 23rd I had the honor to receive at the hands of the above Society a beautiful Silver Cup in token of their kind esteem, I feel thankful to God that my poor services on furtherance of that excellent Institution should have been so highly appreciated & I pray that I may be in my faith full[?] in some[?] manner[?] & aspect[?] an [illegible]

[After first entries for 1845 in the original]
Some particulars of a journey to London,
May 24th to June 3rd 1844
The proprietors of the London & Birmingn [Birmingham] Railway having agreed to allow a Holiday Trip at a low rate, I availed myself of the opportunity of once more visiting London, in company with Thos Whittaker, and John Bell, Glazier. The fare up & down was £2. - & it cost about 5/- to Manchester, & 5/- from thence on our return.
 The weather being remarkably fine, we started from Bn at 3 o'clock on Friday & took the Bolton rails to Manchester, where we remained all Night, at No.6, Lever Street, Piccadilly - The same Evening we visited my Brother Lomax's family, & found all in good health - At 10 min to Eight on Saturday we started to London, the day throughout was very clear & hot. On the road I noticed a great want of rain, especially northwards, but as we drew nearer the metropolis the lack of moisture did not appear so excessive - Nothing of moment transpired on our route up, Refreshments were provided at the Queen's Hotel, Birmingham, & at a place named Wolverton the first was a very dear place, the latter moderate, but dear or cheap, the Travellers amounting to some hundreds appeared, were too glad to obtain any refreshment after the fatigues of an 150 Miles journey to dispute the price of the viands - After the refreshments at Wolverton, we proceeded at a quick rate to London, the scenery in the immediate vicinity of the line was picturesque & in some instances sublime, - The trees were in full leaf & generally speaking, vegetation was in full vigour, except for the want of rain - We arrived safely in the "greatest City of the World" in the Afternoon at Six, and on Landing in the station yard, at Euston Square were nearly bewildered by the tremendous bustle & hurry apparently going forwarded. No sooner had the Giant Steam Engine ceased his Herculean Labour of dragging from 800 to 700 human beings a distance of 200 miles & safely deposited them in the Station House, than were to be seen some scores of Cabs, Chaises, & Busses, waiting to convey the motley group of strangers to the extremest verge of the four corners of the Metropolis - To a Man who had never been informed of the extent of the place it might have seemed that all the spare Vehicles of London had congregated there specially for the occasion, He will, however, be marvellously soon undeceived, for let him take wh: route he may into the City he will pass, or meet hundreds of every description of conveyance from the Aristocratic Chariot to the humble Dog-Cart.

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Dickenson's Mill, Bank Top was blown down on Saturday Night & Sunday Morning Jan 25th and 26th 1845.

Blackburn Court of Requests: Feb 17th 1845 - Miller Dugdale & Co
versus John Jackson & Co
As it may never fall to my lot to be placed in the peculiar situation of a Foreman of the Jury in the Nisi Prius Court perhaps I ought to record the transactions of this Day. The head-line will convey the intelligence that a Trial took place at the Court of Requests upon which I was summoned in company Mr Henry Briggs, Peter Higham, Joseph Carlile and James Bradshaw. The case in dispute was on the plaintiff's a demand for £11:0:0: good money for work done to the defendants in the sinking of a certain coal Mine at Whitehall near Over Darwen for the Defendants Messrs. Miller Dugdale & Co. which they alleged to have performed. It came out in Evidence that a paper agreement as to terms had been drawn up but not legally stamped or signed, wherein the Defts [Defendants] promised a certain amount per 10 yards of Sinking actually performed, which was a sliding scale ranging from 2/6 to 7/0 per yard. There was no stated time of payments, nor was it specified that the Plaintiffs shd receive no part of the Money until the whole job was completed. They were to sink 70 or 100 yards of required & were not to desist unless ordered to do so by the Defendants. On these conditions the plaintiffs went to work & bored 23ft deep when certain Mishaps befel them, they lost their chisel, & slough pump & were otherwise unfortunate & partly unable to proceed. Hereupon they waited on the Defts by an Agent & having stated their plight, it was agreed that an amount of £6:2:3: which had already been paid by the Defts as "Subsist" Money should be allowed to the Plaintiffs on conds [conditions] of their re-commencing in another hole the boring for coal. The Plaintiffs agreed to this & dug or sunk to the depth of 411/2 yards. In the meantime & while such sinking was going on they urged the Defts at various times to allow them "Subsist" Money in part payment, but the Defts refused to allow any thing until the whole was completed. Upon this the Plaintiffs ceased to sink & brought their action as above stated for work done viz. £11.0.0.
It was argued by the Defts in resisting the demand, that the Plaintiff had not fulfilled their engagement by sinking only 441/2 yds that the work was not properly done, and that they desisted without Instruction by the Defts. - Witnesses proved that the work was properly done & the Judge over ruled the Defts statements by shewing that the Plaintiffs were willing to go on, if the Defts would advance Money on the work done, wh: was but fair & reasonable, seeing the Men were poor & had no other means of subsistence. That they were entitled to some compensation for what they had wrought and if the Defts were dissatisfied with this decision they should have taken care to have framed such a legal Contract as would have bound the Plaintiffs to complete the work - The case was put to the jury who hereupon retired & after an absence of 25 Mins brought in a verdict for the Plaintiffs Paying £7:10:0: The Defts were thrown in cost & court fees, they having called for a Jury.

[Description of journey to London in 1844 here in the original]

Augt 4. 1845 Received the "Blue" Degree in the Green Bank Lodge of which I am secretary.

[August] 2. My Wife this Day had a Miscarriage - I buried the feotus within Mount Street Chapel Yard - a son.​

Oct 12 This Day my beloved little Daughter Elizabeth Mary departed this Life. She was a remarkably fine and healthy child up to a short period before her death, - her mother & myself felt in impossible anguish in losing her, - but the Lord's will be done. Though she was indeed our little darling and our only Daughter yet on reflecting upon all the sin and misery she will escape by an early death, my wife & myself felt it our bounden duty & privilege to bless God for his great Mercy in taking to himself our lovely little Babe - May the Lord grant this trouble may be sanctified to our everlasting welfare, & to his Glory. Amen


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1846 June 1st Glorious First - Weather most serene and splendid. On this Day, a new era in the History of Bn. commenced by the formal opening of the Bn. & Preston Railway Line. - The concourse of people witnessing the same was great, and it was truly gratifying to witness the splendid appearance of the line carriages &c - I went down to Farington, with Mr Preble and was highly gratified with the Trip.

My first parcel by the above Railway, came on Tuesday the 2nd of June 1846.

[The diary, as bound, is out of sequence after this entry. This transcription restores the chronological order]

Oct: 16th, I have lived to follow Mrs. Callis to her grave and to hear her will, as I expected she has left nothing to any but her own, and the selfishness of the whole Family has so provoked my disgust that tho' I had urged to leave some to wife under contingency & the two Miss Callis - but circumstances have so altered that in the presence of my Sister Anne I destroyed my will altogether.
I consider that my wife was poorly insulted in being left unnoticed altogether - No doubt Mr. C. Callis, & Mr Atkin have acted under the impression that I am very rich because I purchased the Houses in Mount St. forgetting that this was done with a view to find good Interest for my Brother's children's Money.

[October] 19th. My Mother released me from £20:0:0 which I owed her in lieu of any separate bequest in her will of furniture &c.
I consider the following my actual property

Six Gas Shares, nett £10:0:0 50:0:090:0:0
Five Bolton Shares, paid up 55:0:055:0:0

Thirteen Clithero & N.W.J.R.S.}

            paid £2:12:6d share        }

Three Houses @ Mount Street550:0:0550:0:0

Deduct Money owing on the above.
To Mother
H K100:0:0  

Novr 17th 1846
This supposes that the Stock & Debt were paid for by 1847 which is not the case for my Mother claims £380 and Jany 1st the sum of £200:0:0 for which indeed I pay their interest. This leaves me in Debt £250:0:0.


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April 6th As I was going up to the lecture at St John's School I met a fine young woman, well dressed & tall - with remarkable good address - quite drunk I had passed her without remark when she accosted me in a very familiar way & wished me good night. Hereupon I turned back to see who it was, but found she was entirely strange to me - She invited me to go to a Public House, and gave significant assurances that I might, if I choosed, co-habit with - I confess this was the strongest and most sudden, as well as direct temptation that ever I experienced of this sort. I was staggered completely and had not a Man been coming apparently up the road I may not answer for the result. However to her evident surprise I left her & saw her no more - The confusion in my in my mind was a considerable ere it subsided

Died April 26th. 1847. My Cousin Margaret Margerison Boardman aged only 26 years - She died in Childbirth of her second child, and left one son.

May 13th 1847. The Old Subscription Bowling Green at Cicely Hole having been broken up in a consequence of the Railway passing the same, a new Green was purchased of Joseph Feilden Esqr Witton House, situate in the Bull Meadow near St Peter's Church & adjoining the Free Gramr [Grammar] School. It was opened this Day in due form, after which a party of the Members sat down to a Cold Collation, provided at the House of Mr Birch, the St Leger Inn. - Where a very happy Evening was spent. John Alston, Esqr presiding, and Mr Martland occupying the Vice-chair.

June 17th & 24th Meetings held of the B P [Blackburn Philanthropic] Burial Society at which I had great difficulty to overtaken the prejudices raised by the Old Committee, who were about to be disbanded. A great number of Alterations were introduced into the Rules some of which, I fear, will operate to the disadvantage of the Society.

The Election took place in this Town on Thursday the 29th Day of July 1847 The Candidate were four:- viz:
John Hornby EsqreCon.​​
William Hargreaves EsqreWhig
W. P. Roberts EsqreChartist
and James Pilkington Esqre​Whig​​​

The Whigs endeavoured to throw John Hornby out, but he headed the poll by a respectable majority - 39 over Mr Pilkington, and 250 over Hargreaves. I voted for Hornby & Pilkington the latter on account of family connection. The Election was conducted in a very peaceable manner.

Some time after the Election the excessive Calls for Railway caused a tremendous stagnation in business - several very eminent Houses failed in London, Manchester & Liverpool. The funds declined to 79: and the aspect of things was very gloomy. My business, with the exception of a few Railway Jobs was almost at a stand, and money was so bad to get in that I was obliged to borrow to pay a part of my London Account.

The following Letter was written to prevent the Bolton Company selling their interest into the hands of a Competing Line.



At a Meeting of the Shareholders held on the 26th Augt. It was resolved to proceed with the Building of a separate Station House, tho' Mr. Hornby was in favor of a joint one.
The dreadful & disgraceful situation of the Grammar School caused me to write the following. The complaints against their Master were universal, and his conduct to the Children brutal in the extreme. Not only so but his stupid & dogged system of teaching only one thing had driven the Inhabitants to send their children to other Towns, and as the letter will shew the School had become a dead letter.


The effect of the above was, that a Meeting of the Governors was held, & strong resolutions were posted censuring the conduct of Mr. Bennett. - Whether with permanent utility remains yet to be seen.


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1848 Jan 3rd Monday, at 1/2 past 6 this Morning my dear wife was safely delivered of a son, whom we have named "Lomax" after my late Brother - She is doing well, for which mercy I am truly thankful

[January] 10th & following days - My dear wife has done very badly her whole system has been disvedered[?] with fever &c Her right breast has gathered & been a source of severe anguish on the 30th it was lanced - I humbly pray she may now recover & be spared to me & her children.

Jan 28 1848. This witnessed the imposing - and to Blackburn important - ceremony of opening the Market House erected by the Commissioners under the Improvement Act. The structure is neat, handsome & spacious - There was a procession followed by a public Dinner at Garth Hotel. The event was the occasion of my composing the Lines underneath wh were received with approbation.


Feb 9th 1848. This being the Anniversary, (20 years) of the Day when I was mercifully preserved from a sudden & dreadful death I sent a thank offering the sum of 10/- to Mrs. Jas Parkinson for the Soup Kitchen. - by R R.

[February] 11th. Kerfoot being 21 claimed his liberty - but after 6 days consideration he agreed with me to serve his term i.e. May 1st. 1850.

[February] 18th. Little "Lomax" was so poorly that, we were obliged to get him baptised by Mr. Beaumont.
Henry Hargreaves, an Apprentice of mine, visited me this day. He is yet very poorly.

M. [March] 18th Little Lomax is rather better.

March 21st At a quarterly Meeting of the Burial Society held this Evening in the usual Room, a body of chartists attended, and in spite of all remonstrances put a Resolution; to place £500 in the "Land & Labour Scheme Bank". I had to combat the arguments of several speakers but was overpowered, & beaten by a great majority. I of course resigned my office as President of the Society & consider having fully slated my mind that all responsibility is removed from me.

 [March] 31st I sent the Resolution &c to the Home Secretary of State.

 On the 6th of March was appointed in conjunction with with Mr. Richd Townley, Auditor of the public Accounts of the Improvement Commissioners "The following is the Advertisement of the appointment of Day of Audit. Blackburn Improvement Audit of Accounts, We Charles Tiplady, and Richard Townley, the Auditors of the Account for the year 1847 of the Blackburn Improvement Commissioners, do hereby give notice, that on Tuesday the 14th Day of March instant at 10 o'clock in the forenoon at the Committee Room in the office of the Commissioners in the old Square, we intend to commence the Audit and Examination of the said Accounts, and to proceed there in from day to day until the business of the Audit shall be completed.

"Any Person interested in the said Accounts either as a Creditor of the Commissioners or as a Rate Payer, may by himself, or his Agent, be present at the said Audit, & may make objections to any part of the Accounts

Blackburn, 6th March 1848.
Charles Tiplady
Richard Townley

April 4th 1848 I received as follows from the Right Sir Geo. Grey Secretary of State
Whitehall, 1st April, 1848,
Sir I am directed by Secretary Sir George Grey to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter of the 31st Ult [Ultimo] and its enclosures on the subject of the disposal of the Funds of the Blackburn Philanthropic Burial Society."
 I am, Sir Your obedt [obedient] Servant
Denis Le Marchant
Mr. Charles Tiplady, Blackburn

April 5. Sat upon the Grand Jury at the Preston Quarter Sessions, we had upwards of 40 True Bills. Messrs. W. Salisbury, Rd Radcliffe, E Sansom, & Thomas Thompson were also upon the Jury - we cut 2 Bills

Received at the Bank (April 8) 3 Guineas for auditing the Town's Accounts - (Police) for 1847.

[April] 16 (Sunday) My Wife & myself spent one of the most trying & painful days of our Life, in viewing the dreadful agony of our dear little Son "Lomax" who was seized with a dreadful disorder termed Erythema, or an inflammation of the skin. He rallied a little on the morning of the 17th but lies still very dangerously sick.

[April} 18th. The Child yet very dangerously ill - but rather easier.
Received intelligence of the death of Thomas Sharp of Burnley, my uncle. Sent 5/- towards his funeral.

[April] 22nd Little Lomax Died, after suffering severe agony for 10 days. We interred him on the 27th at St. John's. - He was a dear & beautiful little infant. - May God give us grace so to live, that in death we may be again united.

May 18th. A public Meeting of the Oddfellows was held this Evening to adopt a Petition to obtain legal protection for the Society. - W. H. Hornby Esqr in the Chair.

June 5th Died this Day, James Neville, Esqre of Beardwood, after a few days severe illness. - His loss will be greatly felt in this Town. He was a very active and Zealous Townsman, of truly loyal principles and fervently attached to our protestant Church.
In this days of general turbulence & unsettledness of politics - the departure of such a Man as Mr. Neville cannot fail but be a matter of the deepest consequence & involve in it the peace & well-being of the Community.

May 12th. 1872 Died Mrs. Neville the widow of the above Gentleman, She was a Miss Hargreaves of Accrington. Her age was 76 years.

My Lord
I have been directed by the Soy of Oddfs [Society of Oddfellows] in this Town to forward to Yr [Your] Lp [Lorship] a Petition for presentation to the H [House] of Lords, praying your Lordships to grant legal protection to the Soy. I forwarded a day or two ago a copy of the Preston Chronicle containing an account of the public Meeting held in this Town on the subject, from wh: your Lordship would be able to ascertain the nature of our request. - We hope the Prayer of the Petition will meet with your views, and we venture to solicit your powerful interest in its favor.

June 20th The Chartists, as will be seen from the Report underneath, again attempted to get hold of the Burial Society's money, but were frustrated. - 
The following was inserted in the Preston Pilot, - June 24th 1848


I was hoarse for a week after the Meeting, from heat & exertion.

Sep 16th. Inquest on the body of Richard Anderton the son of Grace Anderton, who was unfortunately killed in a stone Delph, - Mr. Palmer of Preston was the Coroner - I was foreman of the jury verdict, 
accidental Death.

[September] 19th. I did not attend the Qry Mg of the Burial Society.

Sepr. 20th. Memm. [Memorandum] - I this day received from Mr. Wraith the sum of £18:0:0 - as proceeds of Rents &c from the Estate of the late William Callis, from the Exors. [Executors].

Sep 20th Death recorded in the Times Newspaper - William Henry Tiplady, Esqre. Bedford Square London aged 37 years of the eminent firm Phillips Tiplady & Co.

Octr 6 Preparations were made by the executors for selling the property of the late Mr Callis, whereupon Mr Joseph Callis claimed under the Will to take the same at a Valuation. After much discussion Mr Robt Railton for Joseph, and Mr Thomas Duckworth for the family valued the Estate, and to our great surprise did not value it at more than £770, - the consequence a demurrer was set up by the family & Mr. D. [Duckworth] withdrew his Valuation - thus the matter rest

Novr 23rd The sublime Oratorio of Joshua was performed. Mr Clough, conducting & Mr Geo. Ellis leading the Band, The performance was exceedingly Brilliant & successful The following critique is from the Bn Standard.

Decr. 28th. - The following account I sent to the Preston Pilot for insertion it was afterwards copied into the Blackburn Standard - When I was appointed Agent, I had a few Bibles aflowed for sale, the Society was deeply in debt. - It has now a stock of £180 0 0 worth of Books, & not fewer than 40,000 Bks in the Depository. I have been Agent since 1833.


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Lost Anne Certificate of her shares - but sold My Mother & Elizabeth's at an awful Loss. Jan 31st. 1849
These were found three years afterwards.

Feb 9th. Gave Jas Beardsworth 5/- to the Thunder Alley School Society - paid also in Comn [Commemoration] of my deliverance.
Received an Account of £100 from the Railway £84 went in calls - John F Hindle died. Feb 7th. Little Richd birthday. What is most remarkable it is the only instance of my ever receiving so large an amount
at one time.

Miss Foden married John Margerison - He had a Daughter called Mary - who was married to James Lomax, watch maker, He had two daughters, Betty & Anne. Betty married Thomas Tiplady - He was my father.

April 23rd 1849. - William Callis, this day, attained his Majority which event gives full power to the Executors to settle the Estates of Mr Callis'. -

The following Letter appeared in the Preston Chronicle on the subject of the Management of the Bolton & Blackburn Railway.

June 1st. The A M C of the Independent Order of Oddfellows being this year held in Blackburn. I was requested in consequence of the very dangerous illness of Mr Hanson Dewhurst to act as Secretary pro temp for the occasion. The task was a laborious one, and occupied me most of the week, with the assistance of one or two persons, especially Mr Oliver Roylance, I managed to get through. I give below the proceedings of the last Day of the Meeting. The previous ones being too voluminous for preservation.


The River Blackwater having for some time been in a most nauseous & filthy condition so as to become the standing disgrace of the Town, I was induced to write the following Letter to the Editor of the Guardian, who kindly inserted. It is gratifying to remark that in the week following its appearance the Commissioners commenced cleansing the Brook - In my humble opinion however, no effectual remedy will be applied until the Dam at the Old Mill be removed, as the water has not sufficient fall. - When the stream was unadulterated & contact with the various machinery on its margin, this was of little consequence, but now when the water is clogged up, and rendered a complete puddle-hole by accumulation of filth of every description the Dam, or Weir, is a serious evil, and ought to be removed.


June 30th 1849 My Wife was safely delivered of a Son, at about half-past one this Morning - His name is "Henry". - He is a very weakly child, and the Doctor is of opinion that an organ complaint was
born with him. - I thank God for Mary's safe Delivery.


I was in hope the long-pending and unnatural dispute between the Exors of the late William Callis and Joseph Callis his Son would have been this week terminated. - He agreed in the presence of Mr Atkin and Railton, to allow the valuation to be re-considered, but when Duckworth & Railton met the latter said he had no instructions to proceed. - By this maneouvering they have obtained information of Mr D. [Duckworth] error and think they can obtain some advantage thereby. I am however prepared to prove if called upon that Joseph Callis in the presence of myself, Mr Atkin & Mr Railton voluntarily and of his own free will yielded up the former valuation, and consented to a full and fair re-consideration.

July 13th Visited the Ruins of Sawley - Jas Houlker, Leod Noblett and Thomas Clough, - The ride was delightful. I had however some difficulty to restrain the Company within decent bounds. The charge at Sawley was very moderate.

Augt 19th Went to Gt [Great] Harwood Charity Sermons, with Sons Charles & Thomas, the Revd Mr Sharp preached, it was very throng, got Tea at Mr John Mercer's house, and returned early. The Anthems sung were "Worthy the Lamb" solo & chorus - I will give thanks and, Let your celestial courses to all unite. The chorus well sung.

[August] 20th Balloon Ascent - This Evening at about 1/2 past Six (fine Evening) a Balloon ascended from the Gas Works Darwen Street. An immense concourse of people witnessed it - The wind was W. S. W. and the Balloon took the direction of Accrington. I suppose there would not be less than 25000 people.

Ordination of Priests & Deacons at Blackburn. - Oct 21st 1849. This important Ceremony took place on Sunday Morning last as above. The Right Revd James Prince Lee, the Lord Bishop of Manchester officiated - Dr Whittaker, Vicar of Blackburn, was also present and preached the ordination Sermon. - The Bishop preached in the Evening, & Collections were made in support of the New Girls' Charity School, amounting to £31:0:0 His Lordship's discourse was very eloquent, and delivered in a very clear & forcible manner; to a very crowded Congregation.

Took the purple Degree I O F M U [Independent Odd Fellows Manchester Unity] - password Job - at the House of Mrs F. [Fielding] Knuzden Brook Inn Oct 28th 1849 PGM L. Coupe DGM Geo Coupe,
Wm Feilden, C Greenwood, John Barlow, L. Hacking, W. Durham & others present. - The pass Word the name of the "most patient Man".

Nov 26th Began to alter the front Window - plate Glass. finished Dec 31. - Looks a deal better.

'Diary for one week'
Dec 30 Sunday Attended the parish Church Sermon by the Rev Mr J Monk on behalf of the Christian Knowledge Society "The word was made flesh" a good discourse & well handled. - In the Evening at St John's Ch: Sermon to the Young by Mr Wheeler. Collection for the Church Expenses 38:0:0 - at the parish 7:3:0. At home with Mother & all my Bros & Sisters - for about an hour so to wife & bed.

[December] 31. Monday - At ten went down to the Vicar; he very ill of the Rheumatic Gout; finished the year's accounts with him belonging the Society and prepared for the Meeting wh was held in the House of S. Feilden, the Schoolmaster of Girls' Charity School present Revd Thos Sharples, Revd R Dobson, Rev W J Monk, Mr Pickup, Mr Beardsworth & myself. The following printed paragraph will show the state of Bn Depository & its operations.

In the Afternoon of the same Day attended the Oddfellows District Meeting at Mr Fisher's King Street, and was chosen Treasurer of the District for 1850. - In the Night was invited to supper at Wm Feilden with a party of Twenty, - acted as vice chairman & retired after a pleasant hour at Eleven - Cost me - 3/6d.


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